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Раздел 1. Аудирование
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.
Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись
1. Special requirements are needed.
2. This book keeps thinking.
3. Read something inventive and imaginative at the same time.
4. This book is not as good as the speaker hoped it would be.
5. People enjoy this wonderful pastime.
6. Everyone has his favourite character.
7. This book is not only good.
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.
Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись
A. Lisa is reading her textbook as she is preparing for the test.
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B. John Grisham is a lawyer who works in the Supreme Court.
C. The books written by John Grisham are very easy to read.
D. The Chamber is a story about a grandson who tried to save the grandfather he has never really known.
E. John Grisham’s success is based on his feelings and emotions.
F. According to Lisa, education is the key to achieve success in life.
G. Lisa has read all Grisham’s books.
В заданиях 3—9 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
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What’s the main role of English in India according to the speaker? The main role is .
1) connecting India with the rest of the world.
2) enabling communication between the country peoples.
3) serving as the language of Indian Mass Media.
Which of the following is TRUE about Indian English?
1) It is similar to Australian English.
2) It exists only in local newspapers.
3) It has specific features in grammar as well as in vocabulary and phonetics.
What, according to the speaker, partly explains the specifics of Indian English?
1) Structure of local languages.
2) Indian history and culture.
3) Education traditions in India.
Which of the following is mentioned as a grammatical feature of Indian English?
1) Overuse of the definite article.
2) Use of a plural form of a certain word in relation to a single object.
3) Avoiding use of progressive tense.
Which of the following phrases is used in Indian English for “How can I help you?”
1) Hello, what do you want?
3) Where are you put up?
What does the speaker say about the language of Indian teenagers?
1) It consists of slang mostly.
2) It’s devised to confuse older people.
3) It makes Indian English more modern.
What is the basic direction of changes in modem Indian English according to the speaker?
1) It is simplification.
2) It is purification.
3) It is localization.
Раздел 2. Чтение
1. Cabin baggage allowances
2. The most difficult decision
3. Taking your pet abroad
4. Cabin air quality
5. Bus safety initiatives
7. Public transport service
8. Medical assistance in flight
A. You must meet the entry requirements for your pet dog, cat or ferret for the country you’re going to or coming from. You’re responsible for any fees or charges for your pet if you don’t meet the entry requirements. When you enter or return to the UK from another country your pet needs to meet the entry requirements. These include a microchip, a rabies vaccination, a pet passport or third country official veterinary certificate, a tapeworm treatment.
B. The rate of air change in the aircraft cabin has been shown to be better than office buildings and trains and is comparable to that seen in hospital operating theatres. Fresh air is constantly added to recycled air through very fine filters to remove 99.997% of all dust, viruses, fungi and bacteria. However, the air in the cabin has low humidity levels, which can cause mild drying of the skin, nose, throat, and eyes.
C. The cabin crew are trained in first aid in case of onboard medical emergencies. Our aircraft are equipped with comprehensive medical kits and defibrillators for use by the cabin crew. Some flights have the latest telemetry equipment so that ground based medical staff can assess the patients whilst they are still in the air. Passengers are responsible for the cost of any medical care they may require on the ground. Therefore, comprehensive travel insurance is strongly recommended.
D. The amount of cabin baggage you may bring depends on which service class you are flying. Business Class customers are permitted two pieces of carry-on baggage: one briefcase plus either one handbag. Economy Class customers are permitted one piece of carry-on baggage, either a handbag or a laptop bag. Duty free purchases are also permitted in reasonable quantities. However, liquid restrictions through in many airports may prevent these items from getting security screening points.
E. Planning a trip for ten people or more is often challenging, but the Travel Service can help to simplify the process. Where available, we can take extra care of your group with exclusive check-in desks just for your group and group label luggage tags, for easy identification on arrival. During your flight, your group can enjoy benefits such as sitting together as a group, onboard welcome announcements for your group and meals to meet special dietary requirements.
F. When people ask us what the hardest part of cycling around the world was, it seems they expect us to tell a story about some great hardship suffered underway. Troubles with people. Getting lost. Poor food. But our answer is simply this: the hardest part was making the decision to go. Getting out the door — actually making the decision to go cycling for a weekend — is difficult when you’re also trying to balance the demands of kids, full-time jobs, a full social calendar and so on.
G. Bus lanes are being introduced on key routes across Melbourne to improve service reliability and travel times. Giving buses dedicated road space helps them to avoid delays along their route and also gives people better public transport access to community services and better connections to the train and tram network. The Rural School Bus Safety Program is delivering safer, more comfortable and more convenient bus interchanges for primary and secondary school students in regional Victoria.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке лишняя.
1. may be interrupted several times
2. to advertise their goods
3. are owned by big corporations
4. the required number of empty cartons
5. the greater is the profit of the firm
6. is considered to be boring
7. makes them believe in luck
There is a lot of advertising on TV and radio. Some of the TV and radio stations A_ _______ or individuals. The owners can advertise whatever they choose. В_ ________ commercial firms buy TV and radio time. So most of the radio and TV time is taken up by advertisements The firms also sponsor shows and programs that make people buy their goods. For instance, to attend a show or to take part in a quiz program you may have to send to the studio C_____, boxes or wrappings (depending on what product the sponsoring firm is selling). People are attracted by such programs not only because they provide entertainment. A valuable prize is usually promised for the correct answer to the main question, such as a video or radio cassette- recorder or a stereo music centre and speakers. People are very optimistic. Their optimism D_____and buy things which they may not need at all. The sponsoring firm makes a great profit on such programs. The more people attend the show, E_______.
Advertising promotes business and benefits businessman but often annoys the general public. The play you are watching on TV, F_______ by an appeal to use a new perfume or detergent, or drink a certain beer. Though modem people are used to everything being advertised, watching such programs gives one a headache instead of providing relaxation.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Day had broken cold and gray, exceedingly cold and gray, when the man turned aside from the main Yukon trail and climbed the high earth- bank, where a dim and little travelled trail led eastward through the fat spruce timberland. It was a steep bank, and he paused for breath at the top, excusing the act to himself by looking at his watch. It was nine o’clock. There was no sun nor hint of sun, though there was not a cloud in the sky. It was a clear day, and yet there seemed an intangible pall over the face of things, a subtle gloom that made the day dark, and that was due to the absence of sun. This fact did not worry the man. He was used to the lack of sun.
The man flung a look back along the way he had come. The Yukon lay a mile wide and hidden under three feet of ice. On top of this ice were as many feet of snow. It was unbroken white, save for a dark hairline that curved and twisted from around the spruce-covered island to the south, and that curved and twisted away into the north, where it disappeared behind another spruce-covered island. This dark hair-line was the trail, the main trail, that led south five hundred miles to the Chilcoot Pass, Dyea, and salt water; and that led north seventy miles to Dawson, and still on to the north a thousand miles to Nulato, and finally to St Michael on Bering Sea, a thousand miles and half a thousand more.
But all this the mysterious, far-reaching hair-line trail, the absence of sun from the sky, the tremendous cold, and the strangeness and weirdness of it all-made no impression on the man. It was not because he was long used to it. He was a newcomer in the land, and this was his first winter. The trouble with him was that he was without imagination. He was quick and alert in the things of life, but only in the things, and not in the significances. Fifty degrees below zero meant eighty-odd degrees of frost. Such fact impressed him as being cold and uncomfortable, and that was all. Fifty degrees below zero stood forte bite of frost that hurt and that must be guarded against by the use of mittens, ear-flaps, warm moccasins, and thick socks. Fifty degrees below zero was to him just precisely fifty degrees below zero. That there should be anything more to it than that was a thought that never entered his head.
As he turned to go on, he spat speculatively. There was a sharp, explosive crackle that startled him. He spat again. And again, in the air, before it could fall to the snow, the spittle crackled. He knew that at fifty below spittle crackled on the snow, but this spittle had crackled in the air. Undoubtedly it was colder than fifty below, but how much colder he did not know. But the temperature did not matter. He was bound for the old claim on the left fork of Henderson Creek, where the boys were already. They had come over across the divide from the Indian Creek country, while he had come the roundabout way to take; a look at the possibilities of getting out logs in the spring from the islands in the Yukon. He would be into camp by six o’clock; a bit after dark, it was true, but the boys would be there, a fire would be going, and a hot supper would be ready. As for lunch, he pressed his hand against the protruding bundle under his jacket. It was also under his shirt, wrapped up in a handkerchief and lying against the naked skin. It was the only way to keep the biscuits from freezing. He smiled agreeably to himself as he thought of those biscuits, each cut open and sopped in bacon grease, and each enclosing a generous slice of fried bacon.
He plunged in among the big spruce trees. The trail was faint. A foot of snow had fallen since the last sled had passed over, and he was glad he was without a sled, travelling light. In fact, he carried nothing but the lunch wrapped in the handkerchief. He was surprised, however, at the cold. It certainly was cold, he concluded as he rubbed his numb nose and cheekbones with his mittened hand. He was a warm-whiskered man, but the hair on his face did not protect the high cheek-bones and the eager nose that thrust itself aggressively into the frosty air.
Complete each sentence using only one word
1 Our neighbours apologised for making so much noise.
2 I feel lazy. I don´t feel like doing any work.
3 I wanted to go out alone but Joe insisted on coming with me.
4 I´m fed up with my job. I´m thinking of trying/getting/doing something else.
5 We have decided against buying a new car because we can´t really afford it.
6 I hope you write to me soon. I´m looking forward to hearing from you.
7 The weather was extremely bad and this prevented us from going out.
8 The man who has been arrested is suspected of having/holding/bearing/carrying a false passport.
9 I think you should apologise to Sue for being so rude to her.
10 ome parents don´t approve of their children watching/seeing a lot of television.
11 I´m sorry I can´t come to your party but thank you very much for inviting/asking me.
5 Put in a suitable verb in the correct form, infinitive or -ing form. Sometimes either form is possible.
1 It´s nice to be with other people but sometimes I enjoy being alone.
2 I´m not quite ready yet. Do you mind waiting a little longer?
3 When I was a child, I hated to go/going to bed early.
4 I don´t enjoy writing letters. I can never think what to write.
5 I need a new job. I can´t stand being/to be here any more.
6 I would love to come to your wedding but I am afraid it isn´t possible.
7 Would you like to sit down? – No, thanks. I´ll stand.
8 Have you got a moment? I´d like to talk to you about something.
6 Complete the sentences for each situation.
1 Shall we get married? – Yes, let´s. They decided to get married.
2 Please help me. – OK. She agreed to help him.
3 Can I carry your bag for you? – No, thanks. I can manage.
He offered to carry her bag for her/to carry the bag.
4 Let´s meet at 8 o´clock. – OK, fine. They arranged to meet at 8 o’clock.
5 What´s your name? – I´m not going to tell you. She refused to tell him her name.
7 Put the verb in the correct form, infinitive or -ing form.
1 When I´m tired I enjoy (watch) watching television. It´s relaxing.
2 It was a nice day. We decided (go) to go for a walk.
3 It´s a nice day. Does anyone fancy (go) going for a walk?
4 I´m not in a hurry. I don´t mind (wait) waiting.
5 They don´t have much money. They can´t afford (go) to go out very often.
6 I wish that dog would stop (bark) barking.It´s driving me mad.
7 Our neighbour threatened (call) to call the police if we didn´t stop the noise.
8 We were hungry, so I suggested (have) having dinner early.
9 Hurry up! I don´t want to risk (miss) missing the train.
10 I´m still looking for a job but I hope (find) to find something soon.
8 Complete each sentence with a suitable verb.
1 Don´t forget to post/to send the letter I gave you.
2 There was a lot of traffic but we managed to get to the airport in time.
3 Jill has decided not to buy a car.
4 We´ve got a new computer in our office. I haven´t learnt (how) to use it yet.
5 I wonder where Sue is. She promised not to be/ to arrive/to come late.
6 We were all afraid to speak. Nobody dared to say anything.
ARTICLES A2Z KEY
1 Insert a or an or 0.
1. He broke a leg in a skiing accident. It´s still in 0 plaster.
2. I want an assistant with a/0 knowledge of French and – experience of 0/an office routine.
3. I see that your house is built of 0 wood. Are you insured against 0 fire.
4. The escaping prisoner camped in a wood but he didn´t light a fire because 0 smoke rising from the wood might attract 0 attention.
5. I had an amazing experience last night. I saw a dinosaur eating a meat pie in a London park.
6. You mean you had a nightmare. Anyway, dinosaurs didn´t eat – meat.
7. I´ll pay you a hundred a week. It´s not an enormous salary but after all you are a completely unskilled man.
8. If you kept a graph you could see at a glance whether you were making a/0 profit or a/0 loss.
9. 0 little (hardly anything) is known about the effect of this drug, yet a chemist will sell it to you without a prescription.
10. I have a little money left, let´s have dinner in a restaurant.
11. Would it be a/0 trouble to you to buy me a newspaper on your way home?
12. 0 man is a reasoning animal.
2 Insert the or 0.
1. The youngest boy has just started going to – school, the eldest boy is at –college.
2. She lives on the top floor of an old house.When the wind blows, all the windows rattle.
3. –darkness doesn´t worry – cats, –cats can see in the dark.
4. My little boys say that they want to be–spacemen, but most of them will probably end up in –less dramatic jobs.
5. Do you know the time? – Yes, the clock in the hall just struck nine. – Then it is –time to go.
6. He was sent to –prison for –six months for – shop-lifting. When the six months are over he´ll be released, the difficulty then will be to find –work. – Do you go to the prison to visit him?
7. I went to the school to talk to the headmistress. I persuaded her to let Ann give up –gymnastics and take –ballet lessons instead. –ballet isn´t much use for –girls, it is much better to be able to play the piano.
8. I am on –night duty. When you go to –bed, I go to –work.
9. Peter´s at the office but you could get him on the phone. There´s a telephone box just round the corner.
3 A biometric is, as its name suggests, a measurement of a biological characteristic. Fingerprints are the best-known example, but others include hand geometry, iris scanning and facial recognition. Biometric systems are employed for _0__ two main purposes. The first is identification, in which a subject’s identity is determined by comparing a measured biometric against a database of stored records. The second is verification, which compares a measured biometric with one known to come from a particular person. All biometrics can be used for verification, but only those that are unique to an individual – notably fingerprints, iris scanning and facial recognition – can be used for identification. As a result, different biometrics are used for different kinds of security check.
Iris scanning is used in __0_ dozens of jails in America to identify prisoners, staff and visitors, ensuring that the right people are let in and out. Iris scanners have also been tested by banks in a number of countries to identify _0__ users of cash machines. Since the iris scan identifies each customer, there is no need to insert a bank card or remember apersonal identification number.
Facial recognition, on the other hand, is unique among biometrics in that it can be used passively _0__ in other words, an image of a face can be compared with a database of suspects without the subject’s knowledge. Such systems, connected to a network of closed-circuit television cameras, are already used to spot _0__ criminals and football hooligans in Britain. The same technology has been installed at Keflavik airport in Iceland. As well as passively scanning _0__ airports for known suspects, everybody should be required to have a close-up facial scan as they check in, just as your credit is checked when you buy something with a credit card.
4 Insert a, an, the or 0. Fat fingered typing costs a trader’s bosses £128m
By fat finger syndrome we mean accidentally pressing (1) the wrong button when entering details on (2) a computer keyboard. But (3) the consequences of fat finger syndrome in (4) _0__ financial contexts can be rather serious. In December 2005, fat finger syndrome was responsible for one of (5) the most spectacular financial errors in history, when (6) a share dealer on (7) the Tokyo stock exchange pressed the wrong button on his computer and landed his firm with (8) a bill for £128,000,000. (9) The Japanese trader meant to sell one share in (10) a recruitment company for 600,000 yen – about £3000. But (11) a typing error meant he sold 600,000 shares at a price of one yen, or around half (12) a penny! (13) The significance of fat finger syndrome is not just restricted to (14) _0__ financial transactions. In December 2005, it was alleged that (15) _0__ London’s victory in hosting (16) the 2020 Olympics was partly attributable to (17) a member of (18) the International Olympic Committee pressing the wrong button during (19) a/the crucial third-round vote.
5 After you studied the theory of Articles, do a self-check test here:
the United Kingdom, the High Tatras, the Matterhorn, Oxford Street, Gatwick Airport, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Great Britain, the Atlantic, the Vltava, the River Thames, Niagara Falls,
the North, the Bahamas, the Krkonoše, the Sněžka, Mt Everest,the Alps, the Sahara, the University of London, the Prime Minister, Elizabeth II., the President,the Hilton, Ben Nevis, Loch Ness, Europe, Cambridge University, Tyl Theatre, St Martin’s Church, page 45, Appendix A
1) He likes biology.
2) English is a Germanic language.
3) Lunch is served from twelve to two.
4) I liked the dinner she cooked.
5) She cooked avery delicious lunch.
6) He died of cancer.
7) Can you play darts?
They were jumping on the bed.
9) I want to go home by train.
10) He went to the church only for the X-mas.
11) I went to the hospital to see my friend there.
12) The more friends you have, the more debts they can pay for you.
13) I’ve bought the same T-shirt as Jára.
14) A car must be insured.
15) Is a spider an insect?
16) Acomputer is a device that allows you….
17) He is a tour operator.
18) The artist Van Gogh cut off his ear.
19) He has a Picasso in his garage!
20) There is a Mrs Wilkins to see you.
21) Come on and have a rest.
22) Julie earns 500 US dollars a week.
23) Here isa cup and saucer.
24) What a day it’s been! !
25) I buy magazines about computers.
26) Time is money.
27) Life is hard.
28) Would you like a cup of tea?
29) She hates dishonesty.
30) I liked the tea served.
Subject – Verb Agreement – Key
1 Put is or are into each space.
1 My hair is much too long for summer.
2 Where are my new yellow trousers?
3 What is the news from Florence?
4 The wages here are very high.
5 That advice is very useful; thanks very much.
6 He says that maths is his favourite subject.
7 My new shorts are much too tight; I must have put on weight.
8 The money you wanted is on the table by the front door.
9 My clothes are all still in the washing machine!
10 Where are the scissors I lent you last week?
11 The luggage is out in the hall waiting to be brought in.
12 The information he gives us is always useful.
13 All my life savings are hidden in my mattress.
14 The goods you ordered are still in the warehouse.
Тест по английскому на определение уровня
ТЕСТ НА ВЫЯВЛЕНИЕ УРОВНЯ ВЛАДЕНИЯ АНГЛИЙСКИМ ЯЗЫКОМ/ENGLISH TEST
Отметьте один правильный ответ. Пожалуйста, не используйте словари. Если затрудняетесь, переходите к следующему заданию. Время на выполнение теста по английскому – 20-25 минут. Сравните с правильными ответами внизу.
- Если количество правильных ответов от 0 до 3, ваш уровень “нулевой” (full-beginner);
- Если количество правильных ответов от 4 до 9, ваш уровень “начинающий” (elementary);
- Если количество правильных ответов от 10 до 18, ваш уровень “немного ниже среднего” (pre-intermediate);
- Если количество правильных ответов от 19 до 27, ваш уровень “средний” (intermediate);
- Если количество правильных ответов от 28 до 36, ваш уровень “выше среднего” (upper-intermediate);
- Если количество правильных ответов более 36, ваш уровень “продвинутый” (advanced);
ПО ВОПРОСАМ ИНДИВИДУАЛЬНОГО ИЗУЧЕНИЯ АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА, ПОДГОТОВКИ К ЭКЗАМЕНАМ TOEFL, IELTS ОНЛАЙН (ПО СКАЙПУ) С ПРОФЕССИОНАЛАМИ ОБРАЩАЙТЕСЬ, ПОЖАЛУЙСТА, ЧЕРЕЗ ФОРМУ ОБРАТНОЙ СВЯЗИ.
1. How old are you?
I have 16. I am 16. I have 16 years. I am 16 years.
2. Are you having a nice time?
Yes, I’m nice. Yes, I’m having it. Yes, I am. Yes, it is.
3. Could you pass the salt please?
Over there. I don’t know. Help yourself. Here you are.
4. Yesterday I went __________ bus to the National Museum.
5. Sue and Mike __________ to go camping.
wanted, said, made, talked
6. Who’s calling, please?
Just a moment. It’s David Parker. I’ll call you back. Speaking.
7. They were __________ after the long journey, so they went to bed.
hungry, hot, lazy, tired
8. You don’t need to bring __________ to eat.
some, a food, many, anything
9. __________ you remember to buy some milk?
Have, Do, Should, Did
10. – Don’t forget to put the rubbish out. – I’ve __________ done it!
yet, still, already, even
11. Can you tell me the __________ to the bus station?
road, way, direction, street
12. What about going to the cinema?
Good idea! Twice a month. It’s Star Wars. I think so.
13. – What would you like, Sue? – I’d like the same __________ Michael please.
that, as, for, had
14. __________ people know the answer to that question.
Few, Little, Least, A little
15. It’s not __________ to walk home by yourself in the dark.
sure, certain, safe, problem
16. __________ sure all the windows are locked.
Take, Have, Wait, Make
17. I’ll go and __________ if I can find him.
see, look, try, tell
18. What’s the difference __________ football and rugby?
between, 19. Sorry, I don’t know __________ you’re talking about.
that, what, which, why
20. I haven’t had so much fun __________ I was a young boy!
when, for, during, since
21. Tim was too __________ to ask Monika for a dance.
worried, shy, selfish, polite
22. My car needs __________ .
repairing, to repair, to be repair, repair
23. I’m afraid you __________ smoke in here.
could not, don’t have to, are not allowed to, can’t be
24. Everyone wanted to go out __________ John.
apart, unless, however, except
25. Honestly! I saw a ghost! I’m not __________ it up!
having, laughing, making, joking
26. Eat everything up! I don’t want to see anything __________ on your plate!
left, missing, put, staying
27. Take the A20 __________ the roundabout, then turn left.
right, as far as, along, heading north
28. I really hope you can find a __________ to this problem.
result, way, conclusion, solution
29. Could you watch my bag while I go and get a cup of tea?
Of course! Never mind. If you don’t mind. It doesn’t matter.
30. In my country, it is __________ the law to watch an X-rated film if you are under eighteen.
under, against, over, beyond
31. Rebecca had to __________ the invitation, as she was busy studying for her exams.
take off, put back, turn down, get away
32. Police __________ that a terrorist group might be behind the kidnapping.
suppose, fancy, suspect, accuse
33. When Christopher smiles, he __________ me of his grandfather.
remembers, recalls, rethinks, reminds
34. The wonderful smell of freshly __________ coffee hit us as we entered the store.
crushed, smashed, ground, pressed
35. Mike’s dad wouldn’t __________ him go to school with a red streak in his hair.
allow, permit, accept, let
36. If only I __________ made that phone call!
wasn’t, didn’t, hadn’t, haven’t
37. I like Mary for her friendly smile and her __________ of humour.
sense, manner, way, impression
38. These shoes are very __________ for walking in the mountains.
practical, functional, realistic, active
39. __________ of the credit for our success has to go to the Chairman, Peter Lewis.
Several, Much, Enough, Sufficient
40. We were surprised that over 500 people __________ for the job.
wrote, applied, enquired, requested
41. The children watched in excitement as she __________ a match and lit the candles.
scratched, struck, rubbed, scraped
42. Sorry about Kate’s strange behaviour, but she’s just not used to __________ lots of people around her.
had, have, having, has
43. Ivan kept running very hard __________ none of the other runners could possibly catch him.
even though, however, despite, as
44. ‘I did this painting all __________ my own, Dad,’ said Milly.
45. You __________ better check all the details are correct before we send it off.
would, had, should, did
1) I am 16, 2) Yes, I am, 3) Here you are, 4) by, 5) wanted? 6) It’s David Рarker, 7) tired, anything, 9) Did, 10) already, 11) way, 12) Good idea! 13) as, 14) Few, 15) safe, 16) Make, 17) see, 18) between, 19) what, 20) since, 21) shy, 22) repairing, 23) are not allowed to, 24) except, 25) making up, 26) left, 27) as far as, 28) solution, 29) Of course! 30) against , 31) take down, 32) suspect, 33) reminds, 34) ground, 35) let, 36) hadn’t, 37) sense, 38) practical, 39) Much, 40) applied, 41) struck, 42) having, 43) even though, 44) on, 45) had.
Аудирование в формате ЕГЭ – Вариант 1
Предлагаем попробовать свои силы и выполнить полное аудирование в формате ЕГЭ. Ответы и полные тексты к аудио даны в спойлерах. Здесь представлен вариант 1.
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего А-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды.
1. It is necessary to take care of your pet’s health if it has problems.
2. Having two pets can be more enjoyable than having one.
3. Giving an unwanted pet a home is an opportunity to do something kind.
4. Each and every pet has an interesting and unique personality.
5. Choosing the right pet is a very important decision.
6. A pet often loves its owner and can be like a best friend.
7. Pets need something to play with, just like people do.
Speaker A: We’ve had our dog, Fido, for two years now. My parents asked me which animal I’d like, and I said a dog. A dog was a good choice for us because we’ve got a big house and a fenced-in garden where he can play, and we all take turns walking him. Dogs need space and exercise. People who’ve got a small flat and not a lot of free time to spend with their pet should probably get a fish instead!
Speaker B: Our cats, Leo, Tabs and Boo, certainly keep us entertained round the house. They love to play and sleep and they certainly perk up at mealtimes. But they have their own characters. Leo is super friendly and loves to sit on your lap. Tabs always runs away when you try to pick her up. And Boo is unpredictable – sometimes he loves you, and sometimes he doesn’t! I guess they’re like people in a way – no two are alike!
Speaker С: I love having an aquarium. I’ve got two fish in it now. They don’t really have personalities, you know, although they get excited when I toss flakes of food in their tank. I started off with just one fish, then after six months, I decided it would be fun to get a second one, and they seem very happy together. They’re easy to look after – just give them some food and watch them swim!
Speaker D: We’ve got a really cool parrot named Polly. Polly’s a great character, and she talks! What better pet could you have, right? Sadly, though, Polly wasn’t feeling well a few weeks ago. She stopped eating and wasn’t talking so much. Everyone who owns a pet must look after it, so we had to take her to a vet, who prescribed some medicine. She’s much improved now and back to her usual chatty self!
Speaker E: Our local pet shop has got lots of different pets – rabbits and hamsters, birds and fish. I’m always tempted to buy another pet, but I know I mustn’t! But every time I go there, I pick up something for my dog, Gus. He loves having a new toy to chew on or chase round the house. I think about myself, you know. I love video games, but I can’t play the same one over and over again!
Speaker F: When we were thinking of getting a pet, we had to consider where we would get one. The pet shop near my house has lots to choose from. But I get so sad when I think about all those animals that are out on the streets. So my parents and I decided that we would visit the city shelter and rescue a pet from there. And that’s how we got our dog Chester, who’s more than happy to live with us!
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений A-G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated).
A) Vicky is not interested in seeing Jasons costume for the party.
В) Vicky wants to spend a lot of money on a costume.
С) Jason first suggests that Vicky should dress up as a famous person.
D) Vicky knows what all of her friends are wearing to the party.
E) Jason suggests that Vicky wears normal clothes as part of her outfit.
F) Vicky’s mum will help Vicky make her outfit.
G) Vicky doesn’t want to start putting her outfit together straight away.
Jason: Vicky, are you going to Helens fancy dress party on Saturday? You have to come, if only to see my outfit. I’m going as a gorilla rugby player!
Vicky: That’ll be hilarious, Jason! I wasn’t sure if I was going to come, but I think you’ve helped me make up my mind. But I don’t know what to wear. I was thinking maybe a princess, but that seems a bit boring.
Jason: No, that sounds great. If you came as a princess, you would wear loads of jewellery and a huge crown, right?
Vicky: Hmm, I’m not keen on that idea, really. Where would I get all those things? I don’t want to spend a thousand pounds on an outfit.
Jason: That’s a good point. Well, what about a celebrity? Maybe you could come as Lady Gaga. That should be easy to do, shouldn’t it? Just copy one of her looks.
Vicky: No, I can’t do that. Lisa’s already going as Gaga. Besides, I think I’m way too tall to be her. She’d only come up to my chin if she were standing in front of me!
Jason: What about a mermaid? You know, dress up like a fish! I think you’d look really good in that kind of outfit, and it can’t be that expensive, can it?
Vicky: That sounds interesting, but how would I get round the party without falling over? It would be quite difficult to walk!
Jason: Hmm, maybe you could wear a long green skirt and ask your mum to sew a fish tail on the bottom.
Vicky: How creative! I’ve also got a funky green blouse and I can put some fake seashells all over it. I think we’re getting somewhere with this idea! Of course, I’ve got an exam in three days, so I can’t spend all my time making a mermaid costume.
Jason: Hopefully it won’t take too long to make.
The party’s this weekend and today’s Monday. That’s plenty of time, don’t you think?
Vicky: Well, my exams in maths, which I’m terrible at. I think I’ll have to wait until it’s over before I can do this costume. But at least I’ve got the idea.
Jason: Well, good luck in your exam, and with the costume!
Vicky: Thanks. See you at the party Jason!
Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях выберите правильный вариант ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
1. The tour company that John works for provides …
1) large-scale tourism.
2) environmental education.
3) food and drink tours.
2. While at university, John studied …
2) forest conservation.
3) zoo management.
3. What must travellers do before they go on a trip?
1) Participate in a short course on environmental protection.
2) Sign forms promising not to damage the environment.
3) Donate money to an environmental protection programme.
4. John believes that most people …
1) know a great deal about rainforests.
2) want to travel to rainforests.
3) are unaware of the importance of rainforests.
5. How does John describe the fight to protect rainforests in Brazil?
1) The government is losing the fight.
2) Despite some good news, the struggle is ongoing.
3) It is going extremely well.
6. What does John say about the native peoples?
1) It is very rare that they get to meet with them.
2) All native people are willing to engage with the tour.
3) Cultural understanding is gained from some of them.
7. In the future, John hopes his company w ill…
1) begin tours in new regions.
2) expand tours in existing regions.
3) focus more on South-East Asia.
Presenter: Hi everyone and welcome to our programme, Awesome Job! Today we have John Stone with us to talk about his work in ecotourism. John, welcome to the show.
Speaker: Thanks for having me.
Presenter: Tell us some things about your job and what your company does.
Speaker: I work as a tour guide for a company called Go Green Tourism. We specialise in tours to unique habitats with rich biodiversity. We organise very small tours, for maybe 20 people or less, so that the environment remains protected, and our destinations are mainly tropical regions in South America and most recently South-East Asia. We travel to our destination and stay at a local village near the habitat, which is where we eat and sleep. Then we go on a guided walking tour of a rainforest and we educate our travelling companions about the different flora and fauna of the area.
Presenter: So you have to be well-trained in plant and animal sciences to give one of these tours, yes?
Speaker: That’s right. Typically the tour guides have a degree in biology or botany, or a master’s in forest conservation, something like that. My specific educational background is in zoo management, but I saw an advert for this job and decided I wanted to give it a try. I’ve learned a great deal more about the natural environment through this work, which I’m happy about.
Presenter: Is ecotourism safe for the environment, in your opinion?
Speaker: We do our very best to ensure that any place we visit is left virtually untouched. Our ecotravellers must attend a seminar before we embark on our journey in order to learn the dos and don’ts of the trip. People who sign up for these tours are quite conscious of the environment to begin with.
Presenter: Does your company participate in environment protection programmes?
Speaker: I’m glad you asked that, because yes, we do. Part of our profits go to awareness programmes aimed at educating people about the rainforests and their value as a resource. Most people don’t realise that without rainforests, we wouldn’t be able to survive.
Presenter: There is also the problem of rainforests being cut down, isn’t there?
Speaker: Yes, we also provide funds for organisations that fight illegal logging and land clearing in Brazil. These organisations work with the Brazilian government and although it’s a continuous battle, they have made progress in recent years in protecting land.
Presenter: That’s good to know. What sorts of things do people get to see in the rainforests, besides plants and animals of course?
Speaker: Oh, many things. We visit dazzling waterfalls, and pristine lakes and rivers. We also visit the native peoples who live in or near the rainforests – the ones who are welcoming to visitors anyway! So there is also a cultural exchange that takes place between the ecotravellers and the locals. I’ve even picked up a few words of the locals’ languages, which is really cool. Of course, I’m a long way off being fluent!
Presenter: And do you just visit rainforests?
Speaker: Well, the company is only about eight years old, so the focus has been rainforest regions mainly in Brazil, but as I said before, we do visit South-East Asia, which we started doing a couple of years ago. But I’m excited to say that we are planning to expand our operations to regions in Africa, such as the Serengeti and Madagascar. Business has been booming for ecotourism, so hopefully that trend will continue, for us and for other environmentally-conscious organisations…
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