Trade with Price Channels

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Price Channel – скачать индикатор, рисующий ценовой канал обычный и со сдвигом

Оглавление. Жми для простмотра

Движение котировки любого актива всегда происходит внутри ограниченной области. Называется она каналом и обозначается при помощи двух линий (верхней и нижней границы), состоящих из прямолинейных и наклонных участков. Используя индикатор Price Channel, можно автоматизировать построение этой канальной области и использовать ее в анализе и торговле.

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Настройка индикатора Price Channel

На графике им рисуются 3 линии (рис. 1):

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  • красная – верхняя граница канала;
  • синяя – нижняя граница канала;
  • голубая – средняя линия (каждая ее точка соответствует середине диапазона между граничными точками, соответствующими данной свече).

Рисунок 1. Разметка графика индикатором Price Channel.

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Лучший брокер

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Стратегия Price Channel

В первом случае предполагается, что если котировка выходит за текущую границу канала (при этом она будет двигаться вслед за ценой, в результате чего канал начнет расширяться), то это движение будет продолжаться еще некоторое время. При стратегии торговли на пробой используются отложенные ордера (ОО), устанавливаемые:

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  • над верхней границей (ОО на покупку);
  • под нижней границей (ОО на продажу).

СтопЛосс этих ОО можно располагать на средней линии канала или его противоположной границе (для ОО на продажу – на верхней, для ОО на покупку – на нижней).

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Стратегия Price Channel на отбой предполагает движение цены внутри канала при незначительном изменении его ширины. В этом случае ОО размещаются:

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  • под верхней границей (ОО на продажу);
  • над нижней границей (ОО на покупку).

СтопЛосс такого ОО размещается с другой сторону от границы, по отношению к которой он был установлен.

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Следует учитывать, что торговые стратегии строить только на одном индикаторе нерационально. Поэтому и в дополнение к Price Channel следует использовать какой-либо подтверждающий индикатор. Например, на рис. 2 показан пример использования в качестве подтверждения отбоя от границы ценового канала осциллятора RSI. Желтой вертикалью отмечен момент, когда котировка коснулась верхней границы Price Channel с одновременным вхождением кривой RSI в зону перекупленности. Поэтому на следующей свече можно открывать короткую позицию со СтопЛоссом и ТейкПрофитом как указано выше. Сигналом на покупку является касание котировкой нижней границы с одновременным вхождением осциллятора в зону перепроданности.

p, blockquote 9,0,0,0,0 –> Рисунок 2. Отбойная стратегия Price Channel в комбинации с RSI.

На рис. 3 показан пример торговли пробоев ценового канала с подтверждением трендовым индикатором Moving Average. Фиолетовой вертикалью показан момент, когда котировка начала двигать верхнюю границу канала вверх при нахождении его средней линии выше желтого повышающегося мувинга. Таким образом, пробой ценового канала вверх произошел во время восходящего тренда, что указывает на целесообразность открытия длинной позиции. Для открытия короткой позиции необходимо, чтобы котировка начала двигать нижнюю границу вниз и скользящая средняя понижалась (лучше, если одновременно средняя линия канала будет находиться под мувингом).

p, blockquote 10,0,0,0,0 –> Рисунок 3. Пробойная стратегия на индикаторах Price Channel и Moving Average.

Во всех описанных случаях для успешной торговли необходимо подобрать наиболее оптимальные значения параметров используемых индикаторов.

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Индикатор Price Channel для МТ4 со сдвигом

Удобство этой модификации максимально проявляется при торговле по пробойным стратегиям. Например, на рис. 4 показан фрагмент восходящего тренда с обозначением фиолетовыми вертикалями свечей, на открытии которых можно было совершать покупки (предыдущими свечами был совершен пробой верхней границы канала).

p, blockquote 12,0,0,0,0 –> Рисунок 5. Моменты совершения продаж по индикатору Price Channel со сдвигом.

На рис. 5 показан пример пробойной стратегии для ценового канала со сдвигом на нисходящем тренде. Свечи, при открытии которых следует совершать продажи, отмечены фиолетовыми вертикалями (предыдущие свечи закрываются ниже нижней границы).

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СтопЛосс целесообразно размещать на уровне средней линии и двигать его следом за ней. Но при достижении определенной прибыли целесообразно фиксировать, поскольку тренд в любой момент может развернуться и сделка закроется по СтопЛоссу с минимальной прибылью или в безубытке.

Trading Channel

What is a Trading Channel?

A trading channel is drawn using parallel trendlines to connect a security’s support and resistance levels within which it currently trades. A trading channel may also be known as a price channel.

Key Takeaways

  • A trading channel is drawn using parallel trendlines to connect a security’s support and resistance levels within which it currently trades.
  • Trading channels provide one of the most important overlays that a technical analyst will use for long term analysis and trading decisions.
  • Two broad types of trading channels that are popular with technical analysts namely, trend channels and envelope channels.

Understanding Trading Channels

Trading channels are a quite useful in graphically depicting support and resistance levels. Technical traders often rely on them in identifying optimal levels to buy or sell a specified security. Technical analysts can also follow any of a number of patterns that may occur within a channel to discern short term directional changes in market prices. Trading channels, however, provide one of the most important overlays that a technical analyst will use for long-term analysis and trading decisions.

A trading channel is a channel drawn on a security price series chart by graphing two parallel trendlines drawn at resistance and support levels. Generally, traders believe that security prices will remain within a trading channel and will look to buy at channel support and sell at channel resistance. While this type of range trading is nice, the bigger trading opportunity presents itself when there is a channel breakout. When this occurs and is confirmed, then the probability of a quick, significant move in the security’s price increases dramatically.

Types of Trading Channels

There are generally two broad types of trading channels that are popular with technical analysts, namely trend channels and envelope channels.

Trend Channels: Trend channels are drawn with defined slope trendlines at the resistance and support levels of a security’s price series. These channels are not used for long-term price analysis since they lack the ability to flow through reversals. Trend channel trading relies heavily on a security’s trend cycle, which spans through breakout gaps, runaway gaps, and exhaustion gaps. Generally trend channels will be either flat, ascending, or descending.

  • Flat channel: Flat channels occur when trendlines have a zero slope. These trend channels show sideways movement in the market with no upward or downward trend.
  • Ascending channel: An ascending channel is drawn from two positive sloping lines at the resistance and support levels of a price series chart. This channel shows a bullish trend.
  • Descending channel: Descending channels are the opposite of ascending channels. These channels are formed from two negative sloping trendlines at the resistance and support levels. A descending channel will show a bearish trend.

Envelope Channels: To take into account longer term price movements, traders can also use envelope channels. Envelope channels have trendlines that are drawn based on statistical levels. Two of the most common envelope channels include Bollinger Bands and Donchian Channels.

  • Bollinger Bands: Bollinger Bands are one of the most popular trading channels incorporating moving average trendlines. In a Bollinger Band trading channel, trendlines at the resistance and support levels are based on movement of the moving average. The resistance trendline is two standard deviations above the moving average. The support trendline is two standard deviations below the moving average.
  • Donchian Channel: Donchian Channels are a type of envelope trading channel based on high and low prices. The resistance trendline in a Donchian Channel is drawn based on the security’s high over a specified period (n). Adversely, the support line is drawn based on the security’s low over a specified period. Traders can use various periods to create Donchian Channels. Typically resistance and support trendlines will be defaulted to a 20-day period.

Trading Channel Indicators

Traders using trading channels to generate buy and sell orders will typically trade based on the notion that a security’s price is expected to remain within the trading channel. This methodology can require more careful diligence in trend channels, since reversals may occur. In both trend channels and envelope channels, traders typically choose to buy at the support trendline and sell at the resistance trendline.

Price channels forex

Price channels forex trading has to do with the price action contained between two parallel lines in a trend. A price action is the movement of the price of a security; it includes the use of charts and other forms of analysis in an effort to find some sort of patterns in the movement of price. The parallel lines that contain the price action stand for support and resistance each. Price action in-between the support and resistance line gives rise to price channels in forex.

In forex market, like every other market, there are a lot of orders and demands (being that it is a really liquid market). Sometimes, the demands become higher than the supply, or vice versa, thereby creating a trend direction in the market and affecting the price of the security.

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF PRICE CHANNELS IN FOREX TRADING

With a price channel, you can easily spot a trend, the big picture, which many other traders tend to ignore.

It is possible to identify a regular pattern with price channels. With this pattern, a trader can be guided on how and when to enter a trade or exit a trade.

Studying a price channel can help forex traders understand more about the forex market in general, and are helpful in finding high probability trades

With a price channel, one can detect overbought or oversold levels.

HOW TO READ A PRICE CHANNEL

If you know how to read a price channel chart, you can easily identify strong moves that may result to lasting trend reversal. The lines set above and below the price movement of a security is the price channel. If the price movement of the security moves towards the upper channel, it signifies strength. If the price movement shoots above the upper channel, its strength is said to be extraordinary and can be the start of an uptrend. If the price movement moves towards the lower channel, it shows weakness; if it shoots below the lower channel line, it signifies extreme weakness and could be said to be the start of a downtrend.

THE OVERBOUGHT/OVERSOLD TECHNIQUE IN PRICE CHANNEL

A price channel is used to discover overbought and oversold levels. This can be tricky if care is not taken. Sometimes, when securities are bought, they remain overbought in a strong uptrend. This is same with the oversold situation; securities that are oversold sometimes remain in strong downtrend. This price movement continues not because there is more thrust in the said direction, but because there is a new continuous trend.

The content of this article reflects the author’s opinion and does not necessarily reflect the official position of LiteForex. The material published on this page is provided for informational purposes only and should not be considered as the provision of investment advice for the purposes of Directive 2004/39/EC.

Price Channels in Technical Analysis

The market can be moved between parallel support/resistance levels. Price channel between two parallel lines may often be drawn in market with trending. The key to price channel is that the lines be parallel to each other. The value of the price channel in the following: predicting the ongoing speed of the trend depends on the lines being parallel.

Unlike trend lines, which may be drawn on any chart with two relative lows/highs, price channel should not be forced on a chart where they are not quickly apparent. Once a trend line is established – create a duplicate parallel line on the chart. Then move it up to the relative highs above or down to the relative lows below the trend line. If two or more fit with the line, there may be valid price channel.
Otherwise, the market may simply be too volatile – even in the midst of a strong trend – to plot a channel.

In the above example support/trend line is valid but creating parallel line on the opposite side of the prices does not add any value to the chart and it is not warranted by the data. Placing support/resistance line where it does not belong will simply provide you with false signals to buy or sell.

How to use Donchian Channels (adapted from dailyfx article)

  • First find the trend to determine the trend
  • Learn to enter Forex breakouts using Donchian Channels.
  • Channels can be used to trail your stop and lock in profit.

The Forex market is known for its strong trends, which can make trading breakouts of support and resistance levels an effective approach to the markets. To plan for such market conditions, today we will review a three step breakout strategy using the Donchian Channels.

The first step to trend trading is to find the trend! There are many ways to identify the trends depicted below, but one of easiest is through the use of the 200 period MVA (Moving Average). To begin add this indicator to your chart, and then see if price is above or below the average. This is how we will determine the trend and our trading bias.

Given the information above, traders should look for opportunities to buy the EURJPY in its current uptrend as price is above the average. As well, the AUDNZD pictured below offers selling opportunities since the pair is priced under the 200 period MVA. Once we have this information, then we can plan entry placements for a potential breakout.

Trading Donchian Channels

Donchian Channels are a technical tool that can be applied to any chart. They are used to pinpoint current levels of support and resistance by identifying the high and low price on a graph, over the selected number of periods. For today’s strategy we will be using 20 periods meaning that the channels will be used to identify the 20 day high and low in price.

Since the price of the EURJPY is trading above the 200 MVA, traders will want to identify new entries to buy the pair on a breakout towards higher highs. With our current 20 Day high identified by the Donchian Channels at 145.68 traders can set an entry to buy the EURJPY one pip above this value.

The process of initiating sell positions in a downtrend is exactly the opposite. Again, we will revisit the AUD/NZD Daily graph pictured below. As price is below the 200 MVA, traders will look to sell the pair in the event of price creating a new 20 Day low. Currently that low resides at .8775 and traders can look to initiate new sell positions under that value.

Setting Risk & Trailing Stops

When trading any strategy, setting stops and managing risk should be considered. When using Donchian Channels, this process can be simplified. Remember how our pricing channels (representing the 20 Day high or low), act as an area of support or resistance? In an uptrend, price is expected to move to higher highs and stay above this value. If price moves through the bottom channel, representing a new 20 Day low, traders will want to exit any long positions. Conversely in a downtrend, traders will want to place stops orders at the current 20 period high. This way, traders will exit any short positions upon the creation of a new high.

Traders may also use the Donchian Channels as a mechanism to trail their stop. As the trend continues, traders may move their stop along with the designated channel. Trailing a stop in this manner will allow you to update the stop with the position, and lock in profit as the trend continues.

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