Two Examples of Extremely Solid Set-ups (and a third that was pretty good as well)

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PLEASE, HELP ME!

By today’s standards, my mobile phone is pretty basic. It’s a Nokia. It’s a small device that receives telephone calls and sends text messages. Other than that, my phone _________NOT/DO_________ much. Most of my friends wish they _________HAVE_________ smartphones because they are cool and trendy. They say the _________GOOD_________ thing about a smartphone is that you ‘can do everything with it!’ That’s right, smartphones have many more functions than a simple phone, however, not all of them are needed. In everyday life, smartphones _________USE_________ mainly for checking social networking sites, replying to emails, and playing games. Grown-ups as well as ________CHILD__________ like playing games. Anyway, I prefer my good old Nokia. It’s my ________ONE__________ mobile phone. When I bought it, it didn’t cost _________I_________ very much. And I am not afraid anyone will ever steal it. It’s also very reliable. Yesterday I dropped it. It _________FLY_________ down the staircase and hit the wall. I thought that _________BE_________ the end of it and I would have to buy a new one. But nothing of the kind – it still works properly!

Люди помогите же пожалуйста((

Ответ

#1
1-F. and for that you get to use all the facilities
2-D. with training provided by an expert of sport
3-E. there’s still lots for members to do
4-G. to try a new sport for less than half price
5-B. but there are no discounts for them on the membership fee
6-A. and take advantage of the lessons we run at no extra cost

#2
1-A. EASILY LEARNED
2-G. QUICKLY GROWING
3-H. SURPRISINGLY SUCCESFUL
4-E. RARELY BEATEN
5-C. SADLY DISAPPEARING
6-D. REALLY VALUABLE
7-F. AMAZINGLY OLD

#3
1-E. for what they wear and the music they like
2-A. but so was their jealousy and ambition
3-C. and there’s lots of audience participation
4-F. but he has achieved a lot
5-B. which is a lesson all the characters learn
6-D. even when they seem impossible

Spotlight 9, Grammar Check 5

На данной странице находятся лексико-грамматические упражнения с ответами по английскому языку из учебника Spotlight 9 из раздела Grammar Check, Module 5.

Exercise 1. Complete the gaps with the correct comparative / superlative form of the words in brackets.
Упражнение 1. Заполните пропуски правильной сравнительной / превосходной формой слов из скобок.

Liz-O
photographer, sculptor, videographer, installation artist, snacker

Liz Hickok cleverly transforms gigantic city buildings into colourful little mosaic models. Some people say that the jewel-like sculptures look (little) like art and (much) like food. That’s because Ms Hickok’s construction material of choice is Jell-O. a colourful and wobbly dessert made up almost entirely of water. She admits it is (easy) than it looks. Also, she is (interested) in producing art than viewing it; and with each new project, her skills get (good) and better. At 33 years old, she is (young) than many artists and her life is (exciting) than she could ever imagine. Her (late) design is a city in the middle of an earthquake. But, if one of her skylines is missing a monument, it is not due to a natural disaster. Admittedly, she snacks while sculpting…

Liz-O
photographer, sculptor, videographer, installation artist, snacker

Liz Hickok cleverly transforms gigantic city buildings into colourful little mosaic models. Some people say that the jewel-like sculptures look less like art and more like food. That’s because Ms Hickok’s construction material of choice is Jell-O, a colourful and wobbly dessert made up almost entirely of water. She admits it is easier than it looks. Also, she is more interested in producing art than viewing it; and with each new project, her skills get better and better. At 33 years old, she is younger than many artists and her life is more exciting than she could ever imagine. Her latest design is a city in the middle of an earthquake. But, if one of her skylines is missing a monument, it is not due to a natural disaster. Admittedly, she snacks while sculpting…

Лиз-О
фотограф, скульптор, видеограф, мастер инсталляций, любитель перекусить

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Лиз Хикок мастерки преобразует гигантские городские здания в красочные маленькие мозаичные модели. Многие люди говорят, что ювелирные скульптуры выглядят в меньшей степени как искусство, а в большей степени как еда. Это потому, что мисс Хикок выбрала в качестве строительного материала желатин Jell-O – красочный и дрожащий десерт, почти полностью изготовленный из воды. Она признается в том, что все гораздо проще, чем это выглядит. Также ей интереснее творить искусство, а не созерцать (досл.: смотреть) на него; и с каждым новым проектом ее навыки становятся лучше и лучше. В свои 33 года она моложе многих художников, а ее жизнь более увлекательна, чем она могла когда-либо представить. Ее последний проект – это город посреди вулкана. Но если у силуэта какого-нибудь ее здания не будет хватать колонны, то это не из-за природной катастрофы… Предположительно, она употребила ее в качестве закуски, пока лепила скульптуру…

1) Pete is __ helpful person of all.

a. less
b. little
с. the least

2) The more you exercise, the __ you’ll become.

a. fit
b. fitter
с. fittest

3) Emma is not as __ her sister.

a. funny as
b. funnier than
с. funny

4) This T-shirt is __ cheaper than the blue one.

a. much
b. very
с. lot

5) As Ivan grew up, he got taller and __ .

a. the tallest
b. taller
с. tall

6) Tom is __ older than his brother.

a. slightly
b. little
с. by far

1) Pete is the least helpful person of all. – Пит меньше всех готов помочь.

2) The more you exercise, the fitter you’ll become. – Чем больше вы тренируетесь, тем спортивнее вы становитесь.

3) Emma is not as funny as her sister. – Эмма не такая смешная, как ее сестра.

4) This T-shirt is much cheaper than the blue one. – Эта футболка гораздо дешевле, чем голубая.

5) As Ivan grew up, he got taller and taller. – По мере того, как Иван взрослел, он становился все выше и выше.

6) Tom is slightly older than his brother. – Том немного старше своего брата.

Exercise 3. Put the adjectives in brackets into the correct form, adding any necessary words.
Упражнение 3. Поставить прилагательные из скобок в правильную форму, добавляя необходимые слова.

1. Slava is (old) David.
2. David is (tall) as Paul.
3. Slava is (clever) of all.
4. David is (friendly) than Paul.
5. Paul is (handsome) of all.

1. Slava is older than David. – Слава старше, чем Дэвид.
2. David is as tall as Paul. – Дэвид такой же высокий, как Пол.
3. Slava is the cleverest of all. – Слава самый умный из всех.
4. David is less friendly than Paul. – Дэвид менее дружелюбен, чем Пол.
5. Paul is the most handsome (или the handsomest) of all. – Пол – самый симпатичный из всех.

1. The armchair is not as more comfortable as the sofa.
2. The more harder you work, the more successful you become.
3. Mark is very much faster than his brother.
4. My new laptop is by far better than my old one.
5. Sue’s husband is much more older than her.
6. As I went on reading the book, it got the less and less exciting.

1. The armchair is not as (more – лишнее слово) comfortable as the sofa. – Кресло не так удобное, как диван.
2. The (more – лишнее слово) harder you work, the more successful you become. – Чем усерднее вы работаете, тем успешнее вы становитесь.
3. Mark is (very – лишнее слово) much faster than his brother. – Марк намного быстрее, чем его брат.
4. My new laptop is (by – лишнее слово) far better than my old one. – Мой новый лэптоп гораздо быстрее, чем мой старый.
5. Sue’s husband is much (more – лишнее слово) older than her. – Муж Сью гораздо старше, чем она.
6. As I went on reading the book, it got (the – лишнее слово) less and less exciting. – По мере того, я читал книгу, она становилась менее и менее интересной.

Exercise 5. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the adjective/adverb in brackets.
Упражнение 5. Заполните пропуски правильной формой прилагательного / наречия из скобок.

1.
A: This pink skirt really suits you.
B: Yes and it was (cheap) than I had expected.

2.
A: Could you speak a bit (slowly), please?
B: Yes, of course. I’m really sorry.

3.
A: Do you like the cake? I’ve made it myself.
B: Yes. That’s by far (good) cake I’ve ever had.

4.
A: Is your new flat in the city centre?
B: Yes and it’s also (close) to the tube station.

5.
A: I really appreciate your help.
B: Don’t mention it. If you need any (far) help, just call me.

1.
A: This pink skirt really suits you. – Эта розовая юбка действительно тебе идет.
B: Yes and it was cheaper than I had expected. – Да, и она была дешевле, чем я ожидал.

2.
A: Could you speak a bit more slowly, please? – Не мог бы ты говорить суть-чуть помедленнее, пожалуйста?
B: Yes, of course. I’m really sorry. – Да, конечно. Прошу прощения.

3.
A: Do you like the cake? I’ve made it myself. – Тебе нравится торт?
B: Yes. That’s by far the best cake I’ve ever had. – Да. Это определенно лучший торт, когда я когда-либо ел.

4.
A: Is your new flat in the city centre? – Твоя новая квартира в центре города?
B: Yes and it’s also close to the tube station. – Да, и она близко к станции метро.

5.
A: I really appreciate your help. – Я на самом деле высоко ценю вашу помощь.
B: Don’t mention it. If you need any further help, just call me. – Не стоит! Если вам нужна будет еще помощь, то просто позвоните мне.

Exercise 6. Think of famous singers, actors, etc. in your country. Use the following adjectives to compare them.
Упражнение 6. Вспомните известных певцов, актеров и т.п. вашей страны. Сравните их, используя следующие прилагательные.

• young
• talented
• handsome
• famous
• friendly
• successful

I think Dima Bilan is younger than …

I think Brad Pitt is younger than George Clooney. – Я думаю, что Брэд Питт моложе, чем Джордж Клуни.
I think Celine Dion is more talented than Beyonce. – Я думаю, что Селин Дион более талантлива, чем Бионсе.
I think Matt Damon is more handsome than Ben Affleck. – Я думаю, что Мэтт Дэймон симпатичнее, чем Бен Аффлек.
I think Richard Gere is more famous than Edward Norton. – Я думаю, что Ричард Гир более знаменит, чем Эвард Нортон.
I think Julia Roberts is friendlier than Cameron Diaz. – Я думаю, что Джулия Робертс более дружелюбна, чем Кэмерон Диаз.
I think Owen Wilson is more successful than Matt Dillon. – Я думаю, что Оуэн Уилсон более успешен, чем Мэтт Диллон.

1. Teachers need to be very / completely patient with students.
2. It would be fairly / totally irresponsible of you to leave the children on their own in the park in the evening.
3. The essay that Mike wrote was interesting and fairly / extremely well written.
4. Josh is a(n) rather / absolutely likeable little boy.
5. I really enjoyed the new James Bond movie, Quantum of Solace, as it is totally / extremely fast-paced and imaginative.
6. After a warm day yesterday, the snowfall today was completely / fairly unexpected.

1. Teachers need to be very patient with students. – Учителям надо быть очень терпеливыми к студентам.
2. It would be totally irresponsible of you to leave the children on their own in the park in the evening. – Это было бы безответственным с вашей стороны оставить детей самих по себе в парке вечером.
3. The essay that Mike wrote was interesting and extremely well written. – Эссе, которое написал Марк, было интересным и чрезвычайно хорошо написанным.
4. Josh is a rather likeable little boy. – Джош весьма симпатичный молодой мальчик.
5. I really enjoyed the new James Bond movie, Quantum of Solace, as it is extremely fast-paced and imaginative. – Мне действительно понравился новый фильм о Джеймсе Бонде “Квант милосердия”, так как он чрезвычайно динамичный и образный.
6. After a warm day yesterday, the snowfall today was completely unexpected. – После вчерашнего теплого дня снегопад сегодня был совершенно неожиданным.

Exercise 8. Daniel and Susan saw these two films last night. Use the adverbs in the box to say what they thought of each film. Then think of a film you’ve recently seen and describe it to your partner using the adverbs in the list.
Упражнение 8. Даниель и Сьюзан посмотрели прошлым вечером эти два фильма. Используйте наречия, чтобы выразить их мысли о фильмах. Затем вспомните какой-нибудь недавно просмотренный фильм и опишите его с использованием данный наречий.

totally (****)
rather (**)
extremely (***)
slightly (*)

Plot: extremely imaginative
Сюжет: крайне художественный (образный)

Characters: rather mysterious
Герои: весьма загадочные

Ending: totally predictable
Концовка: абсолютно предсказуема

Plot: rather imaginative
Сюжет: весьма художественный (образный)0

Characters: extremely mysterious
Герои: чрезвычайно загадочные

Ending: slightly predictable
Концовка: слегка предсказуема

Вариант своего фильма:
Pirates of the Caribbean is a totally action-packed film with a rather unusual plot. The characters are extremely interesting, especially Captain Jack Sparrow. The ending was extremely unusual with lots of surprises.

“Пираты Карибского моря” – это фильм, абсолютно насыщенный событиями с весьма необычным сюжетом. Герои чрезвычайно интересны, особенно Капитан Джек Воробей. Концовка была чрезвычайно необычная со многими сюрпризами.

Interviewer: On the show Lost, Sawyer enjoys reading. Do you read a lot of books as well?
Josh: I must admit, I prefer (exercise) to (read).
Interviewer: You look fit, you must read a lot!
Josh: True, but I would rather (spend) more time with my family than at the gym.
Interviewer: Hawaii is a paradise. Could it be your permanent home?
Josh: Hollywood is where the business is, so I’d have to say that I would prefer (live) in California rather than (live) in Hawaii. However, I would sooner (surf) the Hawaiian waves than (have) a successful shopping trip on California’s Rodeo Drive.

Interviewer: On the show Lost, Sawyer enjoys reading. Do you read a lot of books as well?
Интервьюер: На шоу “Потерянный” Сойер наслаждается чтением. Вы также читаете много книг?
Josh: I must admit, I prefer exercising to reading.
Джош: Я должен признать, что предпочитаю физические упражнения чтению.
Interviewer: You look fit, you must read a lot!
Интервьюер: Вы выглядите спортивно, должно быть вы много читаете!
Josh: True, but I would rather spend more time with my family than at the gym.
Джош: Верно, но я скорее проведу больше времени с моей семьей, чем в спортзале.
Interviewer: Hawaii is a paradise. Could it be your permanent home?
Интервьюер: Гавайи – это рай. Могли бы они стать вашим постоянным домом?
Josh: Hollywood is where the business is, so I’d have to say that I would prefer to live in California rather than live in Hawaii. However, I would sooner surf the Hawaiian waves than have a successful shopping trip on California’s Rodeo Drive.
Джош: Голливуд – это центр бизнеса, поэтому я должен сказать, что я бы предпочел жить в Калифорнии, а не в на Гавайский островах. Хотя я бы скорее посёрфил на Гавайских волнах, чем отправился бы в шоппинг-тур на Родео-Драйв в Калифорнии.

1) football or basketball?
2) to have a salad or cheeseburger for dinner?
3) listening to music or watching TV?
4) have lunch at home or eat out today?
5) see a romantic comedy or see a horror film?
6) to go to the cinema or go to the theatre tonight?

1) football or basketball?
A: Do you prefer football or basketball? – Ты предпочитаешь футбол или баскетбол?
В: I prefer football to basketball. – Я предпочитаю футбол баскетболу.

2) to have a salad or cheeseburger for dinner?
A: Would you rather have a salad or a cheeseburger for dinner? – Ты бы предпочел на обед салат или чизбургер?
B: I would rather have a salad than a cheeseburger for dinner. – Я бы предпочитаю салат, а не чизбургер.

3) listening to music or watching TV?
A: Do you prefer listening to music or watching TV? – Ты предпочитаешь слушать музыку или смотреть телевизор?
B: I prefer listening to music than watching TV. – Я предпочитаю слушать музыку, а не смотреть телевизор.

4) have lunch at home or eat out today?
A: Would you rather have lunch at home or eat out today? – Ты бы лучше пообедала дома или где-нибудь сегодня?
B: I would rather have lunch at home than eat out at today. – Я бы лучше пообедала дома, а не где-нибудь сегодня.

5) see a romantic comedy or see a horror film?
A: Would you rather see a romantic comedy or see a horror film? – Ты бы лучше посмотрел романтическую комедию или фильм ужасов?
B: I would rather see a horror film than see a romantic comedy. – Я бы лучше посмотрел фильм ужасов, а не романтическую комедию.

6) to go to the cinema or go to the theatre tonight?
A: Would you prefer to go to the cinema or go to the theatre tonight? – Ты бы предпочел пойти в кино или в театр сегодня вечером?
B: I would prefer to go to the theatre than go to the cinema tonight. – Я бы предпочел пойти в театр, а не в кино сегодня вечером.

Текст книги “Английский язык. Экспресс-репетитор для подготовки к ЕГЭ. Грамматика и лексика”

Представленный фрагмент произведения размещен по согласованию с распространителем легального контента ООО “ЛитРес” (не более 20% исходного текста). Если вы считаете, что размещение материала нарушает чьи-либо права, то сообщите нам об этом.

Оплатили, но не знаете что делать дальше?

Автор книги: Елена Музланова

Жанр: Учебная литература, Детские книги

Текущая страница: 8 (всего у книги 12 страниц) [доступный отрывок для чтения: 8 страниц]

11.5. PHRASAL VERBS

Test 11. Phrasal verb to come: fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.

1. It was some time before he came ___ after being knocked out.

2. He came ___ to my way of thinking after a good deal of argument.

3. It’s no use trying to keep this secret; it’s sure to come ___ in the end.

4. The question of salary increases will come ___ at the next general meeting.

5. Those rust marks will come ___ if you rub them with lemon.

6. Seeing me from across the room, she came ___ me.

7. He came ___ a fortune last year. (He inherited it).

8. Wait till prices come ___ again before you buy.

9. Come ___. It’s far too cold to wait here any longer.

10. The handle of the tea-pot came ___ in my hand as I was washing it.

11. I came ___ a vase exactly like yours in an antique shop.

12. I’m at home all day. Come ___ whenever you have time.

13. The expected answer came ___.

14. Has she come ___ the book yet?

15. Come ___ the taxi’s waiting for us.

16. They are coming ___ Sunday.

17. I came ___ to the country cottage in the morning.

18. The button has come ___.

19. He has come ___ the property.

20. The buds are coming ___ now.

Test 12. Phrasal verb to go: fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.

1. I had to wait for permission from the Council before I could go ___ with my plans.

2. The guard dog went ___ the intruder and knocked him down.

3. He had a sandwich and a cup of tea, then he went ___ working.

4. I went ___ the proposal very carefully with my solicitor and didn’t accept the order.

5. The gun went ___ by accident and wounded him in the leg.

6. Wearing black for mourning went ___ many years ago.

7. She went ___ a beauty contest and got a prize.

8. The price of tomatoes usually goes ___ in summer in England.

9. If there isn’t enough soup to go ___ just put some hot water in it.

10. The early colonists of America went ___ many hardships.

11. You can’t go ___ ___ your promise now; we are depending on you.

12. I’ve changed my mind about marrying him; I simply can’t go ___ ___ it.

13. The plane crashed and went ___ in flames.

14. I refused to go ___ now. I’m going forward.

15. They have gone ___ all the calculations again but they still can’t find the mistake.

16. The party went ___ very well; we all enjoyed ourselves.

17. Mary went ___ in such a hurry that she left her passport behind.

18. Why don’t you go ___ ___ stamp collecting if you want to have a quiet hobby?

19. Her weight went ___ to 70 kilos when she stopped playing tennis.

20. Don’t go ___ food if you want to economize. Just drink less.

Test 13. Phrasal verb to give: fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.

1. She won $300 and gave it all ___.

2. Riding is getting too expensive; I’ll have to give it ___.

3. He gave ___ all the books he had borrowed.

4. After two days of freedom, the escaped prisoner gave himself ___ to the police.

5. Your secret is safe with me. I won’t give you ___. (betray you).

6. He didn’t want to go to the cinema but they begged him so hard that he gave ___.

7. After his third attempt he gave ___ trying to pass the driving test.

8. The names of the winners were given ___ on the radio.

9. If you want to save money, give ___ eating in expensive restaurants.

10. There was a man giving ___ leaflets outside the church.

11. Don’t give ___ the ending of the story, it will spoil it.

12. What wouldn’t I give ___ a cool drink!

13. The news was given ___ that the political leader had died.

14. Ann gave ___ her college course and left the town.

15. I hope that the holiday will give me ___ my good spirits.

16. Give your examination papers ___ to the teacher when you finish.

17. You would never give ___ your friend’s secret, would you?

18. The liquid gave ___ a strong smell.

19. When are you going to give him ___ his camera?

20. Don’t forget to give ___ your exercise-book.

Test 14. Phrasal verb to put: fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.

1. Put ___ the clock, it is twenty minutes fast.

2. I’ll put ___ my visit till you can go with me.

3. She had invited me to dinner but had to put me ___ as she was taken ill.

4. Put ___ the light. It’s getting quite light again.

5. That vase is very valuable. Put it ___ before you drop it.

6. He was very much put ___ when she rang off angrily during their conversation.

7. I wish you would put ___ the dishes instead of leaving them on the table.

8. He is not really angry. He’s only putting it ___.

9. The boy is hyperactive. I put it ___ ___ wrong diet.

10. Here’s a crash helmet. Put it ___.

11. I don’t know how you put ___ ___ the noise; it would drive me mad.

12. If you can’t find a room in a hotel, I could always put you ___.

13. The shortage of eggs has put ___ their price considerably.

14. The government put ___ the rebellion with great severity.

15. This clock is always slow; I put it ___ ten minutes every day.

16. He put ___ his name for the excursion.

17. Can you put ___ impractical people?

18. Automation puts ___ profits.

19. Then he put ___ the water to boil and brought out my laundry bucket.

20. He put ___ a whole week of work on that article.

Test 15. Phrasal verb to take: fill in the correct prepositions or adverbs.

1. I couldn’t take ___ the lecture. It is out of my capacity.

2. When he offered me only $3, I was too taken ___ to say a word.

3. She took ___ riding because she wanted to lose some weight.

4. He takes ___ his mother; he has blue eyes and fair hair too.

5. I am sorry I called you a liar. I take it ___.

6. He took ___ going for a walk every night before he went to bed.

7. I wish we could sell the piano; it takes ___ too much space here.

8. You’d better take ___ your coat if you’re too hot.

9. We took ___ each other the first time we met and have been friends ever since.

10. When his father died, Tom took ___ his business.

11. I saw in the water only an old tree. I took it ___ the Lock Ness Monster.

12. People often take me ___ my sister. We look alike.

13. He always takes ___ his false teeth before he goes to bed.

14. I took ___ Tom at chess and beat him.

15. Even a child wouldn’t be taken ___ by such an obvious lie.

16. The policeman took ___ the number of the stolen car.

17. If she takes ___ the job of director, she’ll have to work harder.

18. She makes a little extra money by taking ___ paying guests in summer.

19. He took ___ sister to the concert.

20. Try to take the chairman ___ after the meeting to discover what he thinks.

11.6. CONFUSING WORDS

Test 16. Choose the correct word in each of the following sentences.

1. I thought you said you (were going to/should) give up smoking.

2. Our new neighbours invited me in for a cup of tea. I must say they seem a very (nice/sympathetic) couple.

3. Was it Bell who (invented/discovered) the telephone?

4. I wonder if I might have a (recipe/receipt) for the things I’ve bought.

5. Oh, Jan, could you (remember/remind) me to phone the dentist this afternoon?

6. I wonder if you’d mind (bringing/fetching) John from next door? He’s wanted on the phone.

7. What (more/else) did you do in Spain, apart from swimming and sun-bathing?

8. I’ve just bought a record of Beethoven’s Fifth symphony (conducted/directed) by Karajan.

9. When we moved into our new flat I had to sell my (grand/wind) piano.

10. We’ll have to change the curtains, darling. They don’t (pass/match) the new suite.

11. A (classical/classic) example of actors and actresses playing love scenes was when Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor were filming ‘Anthony and Cleopatra’.

12. Many people nowadays are changing from large cars to small ones because they are far more (economic/economical).

13. If you try long enough then you’ll (eventually/possibly) succeed.

14. Miss Bright’s really (effective/efficient), isn’t she?

15. 1066 is one of the most (historical/historic) moments in British history.

16. I can’t read David’s handwriting at all; it’s quite (eligible/illegible).

17. The Centre Party has been (consequential/consistent) in its policy of opposing nuclear power.

18. The new price increases will take (affect/effect) on April 1st.

19. If animals have to be killed for food, then it should be done as (humanly/humanely) as possible.

20. Did you have (an opportunity/possibility) to visit the Louvre when you were in Paris?

Test 17. Choose the correct word in each of the following sentences.

1. There is a very good (Technological/Technical) College not far from where I live.

2. Did you know that Peter had arranged the party (specially/especially) for you?

3. I couldn’t care less one way or the other. I’m completely (uninterested/disinterested).

4. I hear that Manchester United beat Liverpool two – (nil/nought) in the last Cup match.

5. There is a very strong (possibility/opportunity) that man will land on the planet Mars.

6. South Wales was once a flourishing coal-mining area, but today there are hundreds of (misused/disused) coal mines scattered throughout the valleys.

7. My uncle has just got a divorce, which is very strange since he is a marriage guidance (councillor/counsellor).

8. I’m afraid the boot is full. There is no (room/space) for any more suitcases.

9. It’s much too hot. Let’s go and sit in the (shadow/ shade) for a while.

10. I’ll see you next week – (eventually/possibly) on Friday.

11. The tennis match was held up for ten minutes when the (umpire/referee) fainted.

12. Any idea what the present Government’s (politics/policy) is on defence?

13. They climbed up the steep stone (stairs/steps) leading to the old church.

14. I hope he has got a good (solicitor/barrister) to represent him in court.

15. What did you think of the (critic/write-up) we got in the paper this morning?

16. His (financial/economic) worries were solved when he suddenly won $25,000.

17. During the war, Vera Lynn’s songs contributed greatly to the (morals/morale) of the troops.

18. My flat is just around the corner from my office, which is (convenient/comfortable) for me.

19. The house I have just bought is close to shops, schools and other local (amenities/facilities).

20. Do you think the new tax changes will (affect/effect) you very much?

12. WORD FORMATION

Test 1. Add a prefix to the verb and put it in a proper tense. appoint

Attempts to communicate in a foreign language can easily misfire.

My friend is always ___ (1) by his attempts to speak French. understand

Once a waiter in Paris ___ (2) what he wanted and instead of

beetroots brought him potatoes. He ___ (3) potatoes but when like

he asked a waiter to ___ (4) them with beetroots the waiter smiled, place

and ___ (5) with a plate of aubergines. The waiter also ___ (6) turn

my friend attitude towards everyone he meets and when my take

friend complained that they had ___ (7) the meat, Paul (that was his cook

name if my friend isn’t ___ (8)) grinned. To cap it all my friend take

___ (9) the bill and accused the waiter of ___ (10) him. It was just my read

friend’s awful French again! charge

Test 2. Add a correct prefix to the following adjectives.

1. dependent; 2. polite; 3. logical; 4. historic; 5. Atlantic; 6. moral; 7. national; 8. relevant; 9. regular; 10. direct

Test 3. Add a prefix de-, ex-, multi-, semi-, sub– to the following words. You can use each of them more than once.

1. final; 2. partner; 3. standard; 4. national; 5. section; 6. ethnic; 7. zero; 8. regulate; 9. wife; 10. code

Test 4. Complete the chart with the correct noun. Words in bold will help you.

Test 5. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines to form nouns.

It is no exaggeration to say that the world has become а global

village. Modern methods of ___ (1) have made the world much communicate

smaller and the problems we face such as ___ (2) are not restricted pollute

to one country. The ___ (3) of the rainforests in Brazil is destroy

everyone’s problem and the ___ (4) which is common in starve

many African countries is а challenge for Europe too.

The ___ (5) of rare species is а tragedy for the planet as а extinct

whole and the ___ (6) of oil supplies will shake the ___ (7) exhaust

of the world’s economy. The ___ (8) of the environment found

is the responsibility of all nations, rich and poor. protect

However, uncontrolled economic ___ (9) between strong compete

and weak nations leads to the ___ (10) of greater inequality create

between the rich and poor nations of the world.

Test 6. Fill in the spaces in the following sentences with the suitable adjectives formed from given words.

1. It is a very ___ road. danger

2. It was so ___ that she couldn’t see anything. fog

3. Everyone knows this actress. She is very ___. attract

4. This case is very ___. comfort

5. He is a ___ politician. fame

6. Great Britain is an ___ country. industry

7. She plays the guitar and she is very ___. music

8. Her mother is very ___. She economy

always tries to save money.

9. The shop is in the ___ part of the city. centre

10. The people were very ___ and knowledge

answered all her questions.

Test 7. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable negative prefix of the words given at the end of the lines.

The British government has decided to take the ___ (1) decision

to ban smoking in a lot of public places. Though a popular

lot of people find smoking ___ (2), and though experts please

all agree it is ___ (3) and that it costs the state a lot health

to treat victims of smoking, it is also ___ (4) that many people deny

get pleasure from the habit and find smoking resist

___ (5) when they are in company. However, it is now ___ (6) to possible

deny the antisocial nature of the habit. As advertising

has proved ___ (7) with many smokers, the government effect

has now made smoking ___ (8) in most public places. legal

Smokers who are ___ (9) to stop smoking may feel the ability

new measures are unjust, but for the passive smokers for

whom a room full of smoke is ___ (10) they will come as bear

a breath of fresh air.

Test 8. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

Speaking English Well

I have a Dutch friend who speaks English ___ (1). I have always beauty

wondered how the Dutch manage to learn languages

so ___ (2). The Dutch, like the Germans, often success

speak English ___ (3) than some native-speakers or well

at least they seem to speak the language more ___ (4) than correct

some English people. Wilfred says that if you

want to speak English ___ (5) with a reasonable fluency

accent, you should listen to tapes as ___ (6) as frequency

possible. If you can afford ___ (7) to go to an occasion

English speaking country, you should go but you should

also study the rules of English ___ (8), especially if care

you want to speak ___ (9). Wilfred also feels accuracy

very ___ (10) that there are no magic solutions strength

but that you simply have to work at the new language.

Test 9. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

Memorial Day in the USA

Honoring the dead has been a practice of many ___ (1). civil

The ancient Druids, Greeks, and Romans ___ (2) decoration

the graves of their loved ones with flowers.

In the United States, the ___ (3) have been death

honored on Memorial Day since the time of the Civil

War. In 1967 a ___ (4) of President Johnson proclaim

and a ___ (5) congressional resolution officially join

recognized Waterloo as ‘the birthplace of Memorial

Day’. And the Memorial Day is ___ (6) on observation

the last Monday of May. Each year the President of

the US issues a special Memorial Day ___ (7) which proclaim

includes a call for ___ (8) to observe the city

occasion as a day of prayer for ___ (9). peaceful

Memorial Day observances are by no means ___ (10) limit

to the big ___ (11) cemeteries. In towns and cities,

across the land, veterans’ groups, civic ___ (12), nation

family groups, and individuals decorate graves organize

with flowers or with small American flags. In many

communities there are parades. Parade ___ (13) include participate

veterans and armed forces and a lot of other

people. Memorial Day has also ___ (14) marked tradition

the ___ (15) of summer. begin

Test 10. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

This ___ (1) was built in the 1920s and became showcase for ___ (2). neighbour, architecture

Each architect had one plot on which to ___ (3) one house. In spite of this, builder

the area has a ___ (4) unified style. Look, for example, at these wonderful

houses on our left. At that time very few people lived in their owner

___ (5) apartments; those flats had no ___ (6) water, bathrooms and other run, convenient

___ (7). And here was a ___ (8) building project which attempted mass

both to show the ___ (9) styles in which apartments could be difference

built, and to improve ___ (10) conditions. live

Test 11. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

Life used to be ___ (1) for teenag ers. They used to have money to funny

spend, and ___ (2) time to spend it in. They used to wear ___ (3) freedom

clothes, and meet in coffee bars and discos. Some of them still teenager

do. But for many young people, life is harder now. Jobs are ___ (4) to find. difficulty

There’s not so much money around. Teachers say that students work ___ (5) hard

than they used to. They are ___ (6) interested in politics, little

and more interested in ___ (7) exams. They know that good exams pass

may get them ___ (8) jobs. Most young people worry more about good

money than their parents did twenty years ago. They try to spend little

___ (9) and save ___ (10). They want to be able to get many

homes of their own one day. Three quarters of ___ (11) young Britain

people do more or less what their parents did. They did their ___ (12) good

at school, find some kind of work in the end, and get married in

their early ___ (13). They get on well with their parents and twenty

enjoy their ___ (14). They eat fish and chips, watch football on live

TV, go the pub and like ___ (15). After all, if they didn’t, they read

wouldn’t be British, would they?

Test 12. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

As your children move towards ___ (1) it is ___ (2) to make depend

sure that they understand what decent values are. To importance

prevent children from becoming ___ (3) and ___ (4) you should spoil

not indulge them too much. To make sure that they grow up greed

well– ___ (5) they should be taught to be ___ (6) from an manner

early age. Children should be scolded for bad ___ (7), politeness

which will be an effective way of helping ___ (8) to distinguish behave

right from wrong. You need to reward your ___ (9) when they they

do things well to give them a sense of ___ (10) but you must child

be careful not to overdo it or they may become ___ (11). proud

You should try to make your children ___ (12) and respectful conceit

of other peoples beliefs by exposing them to ___ (13) tolerate

races and cultures. Parents should try to place great difference

___ (14) on setting a good example to their children, important

because children’s behaviour is often an ___ (15) of that imitate

of their parents.

Test 13. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

The ___ (1) of children starts as soon as they are born. Boys are educate

allowed to make more ___ (2), to play with guns and cause more noisy

trouble. Such education prepares boys for ___ (3) in the world powerful

but for little else. But all boys are ___ (4). Some boys are differen

good at ___ (5) and poetry whereas others are good at football cook

or maths. Boys aren’t just ___ (6) and rebels, ‘machos’ and conform

‘wimps’. If we can ___ (7) them that all these types are okay, assurance

it may help to reduce the ___ (8) of those boys who are the least macho. bully

Test 14. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

The ___ (1) of fingerprints reached Britain in 1901 and systematize

proved ___ (2). In 1930, Scotland Yard set up its first use

___ (3) system to enable officers to compare fingerprints found on classify

the scene of the crime with those of ___ (4) known to the crime

police. Fingerprint technology has advanced ___ (5) since then. great

Different types of powder are used to ___ (6) the impression of the strength

fingerprint before it is taken. Another ___ (7) revolutionary

has been in the way that fingerprints are identified. Today, the

first ___ (8) is done by the computer, which then produces searching

a ___ (9) of possible matches. The final ___ (10) however is select

done by police experts. identify

Test 15. Fill in the spaces in the following text using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

In the past, any mother would be ___ (1) if her children were pride

round and slightly fat. Those days are gone. ___ (2) have now research

reached the ___ (3) that too much fat and sugar in children’s conclude

diets are a major factor in the ___ (4) of heart diseases and develop

other ___ (5) when they are older. However, growing children need ill

to eat a wide range of foods, and their general health could be

___ (6) by cutting out particular ones. Psychologists say that the danger

___ (7) is not to change eating habits too fast, but to do it ___ (8), solve

so that children do not lose muscle in addition to fat. Parents should care

present food a little ___ (9), spread butter thinly and avoid difference

putting sugar on the table. Children should also be ___ (10) to courage

take part in sports: this way they will be using the calories

that they have eaten.

Test 16. Fill in the spaces in the following sentences using a suitable form of the words given at the end of the lines.

1. What can we do to reduce the ___ of the atmosphere? pollute

2. The change in the climate has produced ___ floods. disaster

3. Many rare species are threatened with ___. extinct

4. Many of the gases produced by factories are ___ to our health. harm

5. Exhaust fumes have ___ effects on the environment. damage

6. Many countries must try and control the growth of the ___. populate

7. Protecting the environment is essential to our ___. survive

8. The protection of the environment is everyone’s ___. responsible

9. While some countries get richer, the ___ in others get worse. poor

10. Millions of people in the world are threatened with ___. starve

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