What Is Resistance And Why Draw Resistance Lines

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How to Draw Support and Resistance With Confidence

Drawing support and resistance levels can be confusing in the beginning. Here’s the exact process of how to draw the best lines, for maximum profit.

By: Hugh Kimura | Updated: March 11, 2020

When you first learn about support and resistance (S/R) levels, it seems a little like voodoo. Price seems to magically hit a support or resistance level, and turn on a dime.

“This is easy,” you think to yourself, as you go through the price action trading course.

But when you actually draw the levels yourself and try to trade them in real-time, it’s a whole different ballgame. The levels you draw seem to get violated all the time.

If you haven’t tried this yet, give it a whirl. I struggled with it for a long time.

The key is to learn how to draw support and resistance levels correctly, so you give yourself the highest probability of success.

In this post, I’ll show you why support and resistance levels work, why they fail, and the best way that I have learned to find significant support and resistance levels.

Table Of Contents

Why Support and Resistance Works

At first, it may seem weird to be drawing these lines on your chart and expecting price to react when it reaches a line.

But there is a reason why support and resistance trading works.

When we buy and sell anything, there is a price range where an item is considered cheap, and when it is expensive.

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For example, would you pay $1,000 for a cup of regular coffee at Starbucks?

Starbucks coffee is probably a little overpriced as it is, and that’s fine.

But $1,000 is ridiculous.

On the flip side, would you pay $1,000 for a brand new BMW M3?

Oh hell yeah! It’s basically free.

You get my point.

Currencies prices operate on a similar principle of “cheap” and “expensive.”

Traders also call expensive: “rich.”

The only difference between currency pairs and a cup of coffee is: What is considered cheap and expensive in Forex, changes by the minute. For example, here are examples of areas on an EURUSD chart where cheap and rich has changed over time.

Also notice that the more times a level is tested, the weaker it becomes.

The range of prices can also be very wide with currency pairs because there are so many factors that affect the value of a currency pair…

  • Changing interest rates
  • Wars
  • Political turmoil
  • Central Bank policies
  • And more…

Traders remember these cheap and rich price levels. That means that there can be big orders and existing positions sitting at these levels.

To put this in car terms…

The base retail value of a new M3 is currently about $64,000.

Serious buyers in the market for a M3 would certainly buy a new one for $30,000 (cheap) and stop buying, when price reaches around $75,000 (rich).

If the price of a new M3 could ever reached $30,000, buyers would probably have an alert setup on their phone or they would have a dealer call them. Obviously, this would never happen, but it illustrates the point.

This would be the support level for M3 prices.

In a similar fashion, 1.1200 might be cheap for the EURUSD currency pair, this week. So every time price reaches that price, traders will buy the pair, which will drive the price up.

Once you understand the principle of cheap and rich, and how the markets “remember” these levels, support and resistance makes perfect sense.

But it’s not a guarantee…

Why Support and Resistance Levels Fail

Let’s get something straight right now…

Support and resistance levels are NOT hard lines.

Price does not have to bounce at that level. They are merely zones where price has a good probability of turning.

If you think of them in this way, they become much more useful.

…and a lot less frustrating.

For example, many people who are new to drawing support and resistance levels would probably draw a resistance level like this.

…and that’s a very good line.

However, some traders will look for price to bounce off 1.1441 exactly and head back down.

But in reality, this level is more of a zone. Like a trampoline, it has some give.

It might look something like this…

As we move this chart forward, we see that using this zone is much more useful in giving us a good level to take potential short trades. Even if you just draw a single line, you should understand where the other edge of the zone might be.

With this in mind, there are two basic reasons why support and resistance levels fail.

First, some traders simply don’t draw them correctly or don’t think of them as zones. How do you know if you have drawn a zone correctly?

Well, there are no guarantees. But price will either respect the level, or it will at least have a significant pause at that level, before breaking through.

I’ll get into the exact process of how to find the best levels, in a bit.

Second, the market move is so strong, that the support or resistance level does not hold.

You are going to be wrong some of the time and even the best drawn levels do not hold.

So if a level gets broken, now you know why it happened.

When it does happen, first ask yourself if you drew the level correctly. If you did, then there is nothing more that you can do about it.

Don’t sweat it and move on…

How to Draw Support and Resistance Levels the Right Way

Here’s a list of the steps for figuring out how to draw a good level. After the list, I’ll go over each step in detail.

  1. Look for the next major support and resistance level immediately above and below the current price
  2. Examine how much price rotation there is around a level (and don’t forget the elbows)
  3. Take a look at historical price action to see if the level makes sense
  4. Repeat the process to find the next major support and resistance levels
  5. If you are really stuck, then switch to a line graph

Look for the Next Major Support and Resistance Levels

You don’t have to draw every single S/R level on your chart. That will drive you freakin’ nuts.

…kinda like having too many indicators on your chart.

All those lines will talk you out of good trades.

But a few good lines will give you clarity.

So draw just one support level below the current price level and one resistance level above. Don’t be too concerned about being exact at this point.

Just draw it in a place that makes sense to you right now. We will optimize it in the next step.

Here’s an example…

Remember that you are looking for a major support level and a major resistance level.

Here’s how to tell if it’s a major level…

Examine How Much Price Rotation There is Around a Level (and Respect the Elbows)

Now that you have drawn two (and only two) lines on your chart, it’s time to examine if those lines are positioned in the best possible place on your chart.

The easiest way to figure this out is to see how many times price has hit this line. You will usually have to adjust your line a little so it hits as many points as possible, above and below your line.

In the example above, I think that both lines are drawn in a good location. Price hits those lines from the top and bottom several times, showing that they are significant levels.

Price might break your line more times than you are comfortable with. Occasional big breaks can be OK. Sometimes price just needs to break out of the zone for a bit, to clear out existing orders.

One such pattern to watch for is the “elbow.”

What the heck is an elbow?

The best elbow formations on this chart are marked in green. Above the elbow (in a valley) and below the elbow (in a peak) can act as support and resistance levels too.

It is simply a type of rotation point where price failed to hold the line and price snapped back. I wouldn’t trade elbows by themselves. But if your lines fall on these levels, it is a good indication that the level is valid.

Here’s another example of a significant elbow.

Also pay attention to the wicks and bodies of candles. I would give a body more weight than a wick. In the charts above, you will see that the S/R lines pass through several wicks, but not very many bodies.

Examine Historical Price Action

Those lines look really good huh?

Well, don’t pat yourself on the back just yet. Now it’s time to scroll back on your chart and see if those levels still make sense.

You don’t have to go back to the beginning of the chart. But at least look at recent history and also check the next higher timeframe.

If we scroll back on the first chart in this section, we see that these are very good support and resistance lines because they are still valid with older data.

When you see this, it will give you more confidence that you have drawn the right support and resistance lines.

Remember, what is considered cheap and rich, changes over time. So your historical levels might not match up exactly with your current levels.

But as you get some practice, you will start to see which levels are more significant.

Repeat the Process to Find the Next Major Support and Resistance Levels

Now repeat the process to find a second set of support and resistance levels. You need these levels to give you good profit targets or stop loss levels.

Here is what the second set of major S/R lines would look like on the previous chart.

…and that’s all you need to make your next trading decisions for this currency pair, based on support and resistance.

In this example, the next major levels are pretty close. They are more like the other side of the zones. So you might be better off waiting for price to react to the outer lines than the inner lines.

If You are Really Stuck, Then Switch to a Line Graph

I learned this one from my friend and mentor Walter Peters.

If a candlestick chart doesn’t provide an obvious support or resistance level, then switching to a line chart can help a lot.

Since a line chart only gives you the closing price, it shows you the final price that traders decided on, at the end of each time period.

This is very important information. In the battle between the bulls and the bears in each candle, it will show you who won.

For example, it can be difficult to see the resistance level on this chart. This might be my first guess at drawing the line, since it touches most of the candle wicks.

But I wouldn’t be totally sure about that one. When I switch to a line chart, this level becomes more obvious.

Now when you jump back to the candlestick chart, here is where the line ends up being. This is a better level, in my opinion, because it incorporates more of the major price reactions.

Again, support and resistance levels are more like zones than exact lines. But more precise lines can save you a few pips in your entry price or exit and greatly increase your return over time.

Conclusion

Now you know how to draw support and resistance lines. The only way to get good at this is to practice in live market conditions.

So practice as often as possible. Add support and resistance lines to charts that you aren’t even interested in trading.

Then add your prediction of where price will go at that level. I like to use an arrow in TradingView.

When drawn properly, horizontal support and resistance levels can be powerful places to enter trades and set great profit targets.

It’s not an exact science. But just like anything else in trading, you are just looking for an edge.

…and support and resistance lines can give you that edge.

How To Draw Support And Resistance Levels

How To Draw Support And Resistance Levels

Support and resistance trading is very powerful and knowing how to draw support and resistance levels on your price charts is a key skill for any trader.

However, we often see that traders make many mistakes when it comes to finding the best levels. Drawing support and resistance wrong will lead to wrong trading decisions and bad trades.

In this article, we help you understand how to find the best support and resistance levels easily.

#1В What is support and resistance?

Support and resistance levels are key price areas on your charts where the price has previously shown a reaction.

Support and resistance areas are confluence zones and they can be major swing points where the price has turned away from and started a completely new trend.

Below you see a classic support and resistance chart. Resistance (R) points are the ones where price could not break above and turned lower and support (S) levels are reaction points where price shot up from.

It is so important to know how to find the right support and resistance levels because:

  • You can use them to time entries
  • You can set take profit and stops using support and resistance
  • They can be used to scale in and out of trades

Support and Resistance basics: click to enlarge

#2 The reality of support and resistance trading

Now comes the problem with conventional levels and why so many traders lose money using support and resistance.

Traders who just draw thin horizontal lines on their charts usually find themselves in one of the following two В scenarios:

  • Price turns ahead of their level and they miss the trade
    Very frustrating and traders tend to be more aggressive in their next trades which results in a downward spiral. This can also cause FOMO.
  • Price spikes through the levels and price doesn’t care about the level
    Such traders will become scared or they might lose their confidence because it seems like nothing they are doing is working.

Let’s take another look at the first chart and when we look closer, we can see that more often than not, the price actually spiked through the level or missed it. At first glance, the chart from above looked like the levels could help us describe the price action nicely, but when we look closer we see that the technique often fails.

#3В How to use support and resistance zones

Price is a very dynamic concept and volatility and momentum can affect price moves in significant ways. This is especially true when we look at the most important support and resistance areas.

When the majority of traders is trying to place a trade at a very obvious price level, the professional traders know this and they will then do their best to kick out the amateurs by letting price spike through levels or make it turn before the actual level.

To overcome this shortcoming and to improve our trading skills, we need to start using ZONES instead of just single lines.

The screenshot below shows the same chart again, but this time I used zones instead of just one line. As you can see, the zones now include all major turning points and we can describe much more effectively.

Of course, it’s far from being perfect – but nothing in trading is! By using zones, you can create so-called “noise zones” and filter out a lot of noise and stay out of troubles.

If this is new to you, just pull up price charts and start drawing zones instead of small lines when looking for levels. Also, try to keep the zones as narrow as reasonably possible. Over time, you will see how this will improve your chart reading.

How To Draw Support and Resistance Levels Like A Professional

In my daily Forex commentary each day, I draw in the key levels of support and resistance that I feel are the most significant in the current market environment. It’s something that I’ve done for so long it really only takes me a few minutes to do now, it really is a very logical and simple task for me and it can be for you too.

Many traders make the process of drawing support and resistance levels a lot more difficult than it needs to be. After you have a general idea of how I draw my support and resistance levels, you should have no problem using that knowledge as a guideline to draw the levels yourself. We get tons of emails each week from traders asking how to properly draw support and resistance levels on their charts. Also, we get emails with chart attachments from traders who are clearly drawing far too many levels on the charts, thus complicating the process of price action trading and confusing themselves as well.

Today’s lesson is going to be a tutorial of how I draw my levels in the market. Basically, I’m going to take you guys on a ride through my brain (scary I know) as I decide where to draw support and resistance levels on some real-time daily charts. You can use this lesson as a reference until you feel comfortable enough drawing the levels on your own. Also, it will help you to make your own commentary each day of your favorite markets; writing down your analysis rather than keeping it all in your head is a good way to stay on track and make sure you have a clear plan for the week and day ahead. To get started, let’s clear up a few common myths about drawing support and resistance levels…

Common myths about drawing support and resistance levels:

Myth 1: You should draw every level you can find on your charts – Many traders fall into this trap, they end up taking an hour to draw on every little level they can find. What they end up with is a really messy chart that basically does more harm than good. You need to learn to draw only the significant levels on your charts, then you’ll have a useful framework to work from.

Myth 2: Your S/R (support and resistance) levels should always be drawn across the exact highs or lows of price bars – This is perhaps the biggest myth that traders have about drawing levels on their charts. Often times, support and resistance are more “zones” than exact “levels”, sometimes you will have a key level that is indeed an exact level, but more often than not we are going to be drawing our support and resistance lines midway through bar tails or even through the body of a bar sometimes. Point being, you don’t always have to draw the level exactly through the high or low of the bar. Note: if you are totally new and confused by some of the lingo here, please take some time to go over this candlestick tutorial before moving on.

Myth 3: You should go back really far in time with your levels – Unless you are a long-term buy-and-hold investor right now, you don’t need to go back more than about 8 months when drawing your levels. If you look at our free forex commentary you can see we really only focus on the last 3 to 6 months when drawing in the daily levels, and that goes for my own personal trading too. I am not sitting there trying to draw in levels from the last 5 years like some traders…you are wasting your time if you’re doing this.

OK! Now that we’ve cleared up those common myths about drawing S/R levels on your charts, let’s move on to some “meat”:

How I draw support and resistance levels on my charts:

Below are examples of how I would draw the relevant support and resistance levels on some of the major Forex pairs, Gold, Crude Oil and Dow Futures as they stand at the time of this writing. Above each chart is a brief explanation of why I drew the levels where I did.

Example 1: EURUSD DAILY CHART

Here we are looking at the current euro / dollar daily chart. You’ll note the red lines highlight the longer-term or “key” levels and the blue lines highlight the shorter-term or “near-term” levels. This is how all the examples will be in this lesson and hopefully it will make it easier for you to differentiate between what I often refer to as “key” levels from shorter-term levels that aren’t quite as significant.

In this example, you can see this market is clearly in a trading range right now between about 1.3140-70 resistance and 1.2830 support. Those are what I would call the “key levels” on this current daily EURUSD chart. Within the range, we have some shorter-term levels that are still significant albeit less so than the key levels just discussed. Of special note are the two shorter-term resistance levels marked on the chart below. You will see that the one near 1.3070 is hitting a bar high from October 5 th , but also it’s going through the bodies and middle of the tails of the bars from October 17 th – 23 rd . This brings up a good point…a support or resistance level can be significant even if it isn’t exactly touching bar highs and lows. This is also seen at the key resistance of the range, note how the line through 1.3140 is not touching the exact highs on September 14 th and 17 th at 1.3171…this brings up the point that sometimes support or resistance is more of a “zone” than a strict / exact level. In this case the resistance of the current range is really a small zone of resistance from 1.3140 to about 1.3171 (more on support / resistance “zones” soon).

Also of note, there was an inside bar on October 18 th , and after the market broke down from that inside bar it tried to rotate back up to about where it broke down at, and this breakdown level acted as resistance and held the market off from advancing further, and then as we can see the market has since fallen away from that level. These are some of the more subtle things you need to learn about when drawing in your levels…especially shorter-term levels; that inside bar breakdown point held as a resistance, and often inside bar breakout points will act as support or resistance, even if it’s just for the short-term.

Example 2: GBPUSD DAILY CHART

Here’s a good exercise for you to work on: When marking support and resistance levels on your charts, mark the longer-term “key” levels first and then draw the shorter-term levels. This will work to give you a framework for the current market conditions and gives your analysis some routine as well.

One of the things I often write about is support or resistance “zones”, as often a support or resistance is not really an exact level but more of a zone. In the example below, we can see a very good example of a resistance zone that occurs between about 1.6270 and 1.6310.

“Key” support or resistance levels are generally levels that price rejected forcefully and that gave rise to a significant move up or down, or they can be levels that have contained or supported price many times. Whereas, shorter-term levels give rise to smaller movements and tend to break easier. We can see good examples of both in the GBPUSD daily chart below:

Example 3: AUDUSD DAILY CHART

In this example we are looking at the AUDUSD daily chart and we can see currently the market is in a large trading range between about 1.0612 and 1.0175. We classify 1.0612 as “key resistance” since it has caused significant turning points in the market and held on the last two tests. Similarly, 1.0175 is “key support” because it has led to significant turning points in the market and held on about the last 4 tests. The shorter-term level through 1.0410 is clearly significant, but again it’s not “quite” as significant as the two levels just mentioned. As you can see, some of drawing in your levels and deciding which is more important than the other can be left up to your own interpretation, but at the same time you should have a logical line of reasoning such as “this level has held price more times”, or “that level created a larger move”, etc.

Example 4: USDJPY DAILY CHART

In the USDJPY example below, we are looking at all “key levels” because I did not see any that I considered to be short-term levels. The reason being, every level I’ve drawn in has created a significant turning point. The USDJPY most recently has been breaking higher, and if the resistance near 80.37 gives way we will likely see another leg higher.

Of special note in this chart are the bar tails or wicks. Note how some of the levels are not drawn exactly at the bar highs or lows but rather through the middle portion of the tail. This is important, and it’s one of the myths I mentioned at the start of this lesson; you don’t always have to draw your S/R levels exactly at a bar high or low. In fact, it’s more important to have a lot of tails touching a level than it is to have a level exactly at two or three bar highs or lows. An example of this is the level at 78.79 in the chart below; note how I drew it through as many bar tails (or wicks) that I could, rather than moving it further up and just hitting the exact highs of a couple bars. Drawing your levels in this manner gives you a better reference point to look for signals from since you are getting closer to the mean or average turning point price in the market, so it’s basically a higher-probability level than a level that’s further out but exactly at a bar high or low. That’s not to say you will never draw S/R levels at exact highs or lows, because you will, a lot, but it just means you don’t always have to draw them that way and won’t always want to.

Example 5: NZDUSD DAILY CHART

In the NZDUSD chart below we want to take note of what I refer to as a “value area”. Now, what I mean by “value area” is basically just an area where it’s obvious that price “likes” to be. This is essentially just another word for consolidation, since an area of consolidation on a chart is essentially where a market has found “fair value”. These value areas typically act as support or resistance zones, and this means when price retraces back to them you can watch for price action trading strategies forming at them. You will also sometimes have existing support or resistance levels that basically run right through the center of a value area, showing about the middle of the value area, and we can see this clearly by the blue line in the chart below. In this specific NZDUSD example that blue value line would be a good support to watch for buy signals if price rotates lower soon.

Example 6: USDCAD DAILY CHART

The USDCAD daily chart below shows us a good example of the “value” concept that I discussed in the last example. Note how price formed that area of consolidation or “value” marked on the chart below, and then later price retraced back up to it and found resistance exactly at the center of the value near 0.9883 on October 3rd. Then, after price finally broke back above that value level it formed a price action setup after it retraced back down to it, as we can see an inside pin bar combo setup formed showing rejection of that same level.

So, here’s a very simple strategy for you; wait for a key level to break, then wait for price to retrace back to it and look for a price action setup entry trigger to form near the breakout level in the direction of the initial breakout.

Example 7: EURJPY DAILY CHART

We can see in the EURJPY chart below that it’s been in an uptrend since about the end of July. This uptrend has had some pretty large counter-trend retraces, which of course we need to mark with levels. We can see in the chart below the support levels and zones left behind by the different points in the market were the retrace ended and the uptrend resumed. Also, in a trending market like this, we can watch the previous swing points for price action signals as the market retraces back to them. For example, in an uptrend we can look for price action entries at the previous resistance / swing points in the market which turn into support after price breaks up past them. We can see a clear example of this in the chart below with the recent pin bar trading strategy that formed at the shorter-term support through 102.50 area, note that this level was previous resistance.

Example 8: XAUUSD DAILY CHART

In the Gold chart below, you can see I’ve gone back about 8 months in drawing in my long-term levels. This is about the farthest back I typically go when drawing in my levels on the daily charts. Again, longer-term “key levels” are those levels that clearly caused a significant change of direction in price and / or held strong on multiple tests across time. Shorter-term levels are those that caused less significant price direction changes and may be “newer” levels. You don’t have to get carried away drawing in too many of the shorter-term levels though, just use common sense and decide which are the most obvious and draw those in. If you put too many support and resistance levels on your charts you’ll end up with a messy chart that just confuses you and might even cause you not to trade because you think there are too many levels for the market to have to move through.

This brings me to a very important point you should remember: In an up-trending market, resistance levels will often break, and in a down-trending market support levels will often break. I say that because I get a lot of emails from traders telling me they can’t get a proper 1:2 or more risk reward ratio because there are too many support or resistance levels in the way. Well, you have to look at the market context that your trade setup has formed in and use some common sense and discretion…not every little level you find is significant.

Example 9: DJ30 DAILY CHART

In the Dow Jones futures chart below, we can see the current picture of key levels that are relevant for this market. Of special note, we can see how consistently these key levels hold as price retraces back to them. Knowing that price often bounces or repels from key levels is a very valuable piece of information. Indeed, a big portion of my trading theory revolves around waiting patiently for an obvious price action setup to form at a key chart level as the market retraces back to it. If you observe this chart for a few minutes, you’ll begin to see how accurate these levels are in rejecting, it really is uncanny.

Example 10: WTI DAILY CHART

In the example below, we are looking at the current Crude Oil chart. This chart shows us a very important lesson. Note the pin bar marked on the chart below, it was an obvious pin bar that showed forceful rejection of a key resistance level, and then the market chopped around about 6 days before finally moving lower. The most obvious stop loss placement on that pin bar would have been just above its high which was also the key resistance through $93.65 area. If you enter an obvious price action setup like that and you’ve placed your stop loss at a logical spot in-line with the existing market structure, there’s no reason to panic if the market moves against you and almost stops you out. This exact scenario was very likely in this Crude oil pin bar setup, and I know some traders who panicked when price moved against them. Had they just stayed in the market, their initial stops just above the key resistance would not have been hit and they would have made a killing. Lesson: trust your stops if you’ve placed them beyond a key support or resistance level or in another logical place.

Conclusion:

I hope you now have a better idea of how I draw support and resistance levels on my charts and why I draw them where I do. I suggest you try drawing the relevant levels on your charts now according to what you’ve learned in today’s lesson. Also, follow my daily Forex commentary for a good daily example of how I draw the levels on a major market each day.

Determining where to draw your support and resistance levels is really not as difficult as many traders make it out to be. When in doubt, slow down and take a step back, ask yourself if a level your about to put on your chart makes sense and why. If it makes logical sense you should be able to easily explain why to someone who has no trading experience. For example, you might say “This level is important because it clearly caused price to make a significant change of direction recently”. If you just take a logical approach to drawing in your support and resistance levels you will save yourself a lot of time and frustration in the end. Don’t be one of those traders with so many lines on their charts you can’t figure out what’s happening. If you would like more help with drawing support and resistance levels and how to use them in combination with price action strategies, checkout my Forex price action trading course for more in-depth instruction.

(VIDEO) How to Properly Draw Support and Resistance Levels

The ability to properly draw support and resistance levels is one of the most basic skills every price action trader must have. It’s also the building block for everything that comes after it, including price action trading strategies like pin bars and inside bars as well as a proper risk to reward ratio.

Get it right and trading starts to become effortless. Get it wrong and your trading experience will most likely be a frustrating one.

In this lesson we’re going to define what a support and resistance level is, as well as why they form. We’ll also dive into how to properly identify these levels, and then we’ll finish things off with a few basic rules to trade by.

In short this lesson will help you keep your charts from looking like this…

And more like this…

A quick note before we get started. This lesson will only focus on horizontal support and resistance as I believe it to be the cornerstone on the topic of key levels.

Get Instant Access to the Same “New York Close” Forex Charts Used by Justin Bennett!

I’ll save trend lines for a later lesson as they have many different facets that deserve more attention.

What is a Support and Resistance Level?

A support and resistance level is simply a level in a market at which traders find a price to be overvalued or undervalued depending on current market dynamics. This creates a level in the market that can act as support or resistance depending on various factors surrounding each currency.

So that’s the “fancy” definition of a support and resistance level. Now for the price action trader’s definition…

A level at which we can look for price action buy or sell signals such as the pin bar. That’s really all we need to know. We aren’t concerned about why a level has formed. Instead, we’re focused on how important that level is relative to the surrounding price action. If it’s deemed to be an important (key) level that we want on our chart, we simply wait and watch for a price action buy or sell signal to develop.

Here is a great example of a support and resistance level in action.

What Causes These Areas to Form?

To understand why these levels form we have to go back to the supply and demand curve. I won’t spend too much time on this as the real benefit to support and resistance comes once you learn how to properly identify the levels.

Notice how in the supply curve below, the number of units for sale increases as price increases. To put this in trading terms – the higher the price, the more willing traders are to sell their positions.

The demand curve, on the other hand, is the exact opposite. As price increases the number of units desired decreases. This is because traders are less willing to buy in a more expensive market.

We can, therefore, label a support and resistance level as a point in the market where traders are more willing to buy or sell, depending on market conditions. This creates an area of tension between buyers and sellers, which often causes the market to change direction.

Here’s how that looks when it’s applied to a market such as GBPNZD.

Now that we have a good understanding of how and why these areas form, let’s take a look at how to properly identify them.

How to Draw Support and Resistance Levels

The first thing I want to mention about support and resistance levels is that they aren’t always exact levels. In fact, most often these “levels” are better thought of as areas on your chart.

It’s a common misconception that a key level has to line up perfectly with highs and lows. This couldn’t be further from the truth as most support and resistance levels have areas where the market failed to respect it as either support or resistance. This is the reason we use price action strategies like the pin bar as confirmation that a level is likely to hold.

I don’t know about you, but I learn best when I can see something in action. Which is why I created a video to show you how I go about drawing support and resistance on my own charts.

If you’ll notice, the support and resistance levels I drew in the video didn’t always line up exactly with highs and lows, nor did the market always respect them. But that’s okay.

It’s important to understand that although properly drawn support and resistance levels can be a powerful asset, they aren’t without flaw. But as I mentioned earlier, that’s where price action signals come in to help us determine the strength of a level prior to placing a trade.

One last point about drawing your support and resistance levels. You should always aim to achieve the most touches possible on either side of the level. This usually requires you to move the level up and down a few times until you can find the place where the market touches that level the most from both sides (as support and also as resistance).

Remember that these levels represent areas in the market where traders are more willing to buy or sell, which can mean a change of direction in the market. So by moving a level to a place that achieves the most touches on either side, you stand the greatest chance of catching the move if and when it happens.

Rules to Trade By

Here are a few simple rules to follow that will vastly improve your ability to identify key areas of support or resistance.

Use swing highs and swing lows in the market to your advantage

By using the highs and lows as a guideline to start drawing your support and resistance levels, you’re more likely to capture the “key” levels. These are the levels that you should be interested in as they are the most likely to produce a valid price action buy or sell signal.

Don’t worry if the highs and lows don’t line up perfectly

Remember that most levels are not going to line up perfectly with highs and lows. Instead of worrying about a level lining up perfectly with highs and lows, you should spend some time making sure the level is at a place in the market that achieves the most touches on either side of the level.

Focus on the major (key) levels in the market

These are the most obvious support and resistance levels and should be immediately visible. If you have to search long and hard for a level, it probably isn’t worth placing on your chart. By only focusing on key levels you’ll be in a much better place to actually trade a price action signal when one shows up.

Stay within a six-month window

You don’t need to go back five years to find support and resistance levels. Most of the levels that you will need are going to come from highs and lows that have occurred within the last six months. Feel free to travel back in time once you have the level drawn, but don’t think it necessary to look back more than six months to find great levels to trade.

That wraps up this lesson on how to draw support and resistance levels. I hope you now have a better understanding of how to approach these levels and also which levels are most important.

Just remember to not over-complicate things. Drawing support and resistance levels should be one of the easier and stress-free things you do as a price action trader. In fact, I’ll go so far as to say that if you find yourself expending a lot of energy to find these levels, you’re probably drawing more levels than you actually need.

Keep it simple and most importantly, have confidence in your abilities! One of the bigger mistakes you can make is to second guess whether or not you’ve drawn a level correctly. It’s okay to double check your work, but just remember that your first instinct is usually the right one.

Your Turn

How do you go about identifying support and resistance levels? Share your thoughts or methods in the comments section below.

I always make it a point to respond to comments, so leave your mark below and I’ll talk to you soon.

Leave a Comment:

71 comments

HI JUSTIN ENJOYED READING YOUR SUPPORT/RESISTANCE MATERIAL WHEN I DRAW S/R I SWITCH TO A LINE CHART IS THIS A SOUND WAY OF DOING IT REGARDS MAL.PS I WOULD LIKE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT YOUR TEACHINGS.

Malcolm, it isn’t how I trade, but that doesn’t make it wrong.

Thanks for this educative and very enlightening post. However I wish to ask that if we are trading with the daily timeframe are we going to use the swing lows and swing highs of the higher timeframe to draw the support and resistance lines? Or is it the daily timeframe that we will use?

You’re welcome, Sam. That depends on what you feel more comfortable with. It will also vary depending on how far back the level goes. For example, if it spans several years, you’ll probably want to use the weekly chart.

Hy bennet i just want to know more about dynamic resistance and how to use it in the market

Really enjoyed the video and description! Hopefully one day I can be profitable trading!

Pleased to hear that, Codey. Let me know if you have any questions.

Hi Justin, i have always had it the other way around to draw my key levels: supoort and resistance. i would go to my weekly time frame and use the beautiful pin bars i find there to draw my levels. the high and low of the pin bar would then become my key level. these levels i use on daily time frame to trade with price action. how valid is this method, in your opinion?

If it works for you, then I’d say it’s valid. There’s no single right way to go about drawing support and resistance.

Enjoyed watching your video, just wondering what charting software do you use?

Pleased to hear that, Dan. The charts I show on this site come from MetaTrader.

how do you draw it then?need to learn how to draw

Sir, I had just read your “How to properly draw S & R Level”. It is really enlightening.
However, Sir, does the S&R levels that we drawn in a Daily Chart applicable to a 4-hour’s too ? Or, different set of S&R levels should be used ?
Rgds.

Pleased to hear that, Albert. You have to study the chart to determine whether the market is respecting a given level on the 4-hour AND daily or perhaps just the daily. Not all levels are created equal in that regard.

Enjoyed reading your blog sir…Iam a student from India.Iam planning to subscribe with you..I want to become consistently profitable trader..Pls give me all support..Thank you…

Hi Justin,
Enjoyed your article! Thanks for sharing it.
One question though, Do you agree that one of the trates of a good Trader is “Consistency” or “Discipline”? Which makes me think, Are there any Indicators, or Softwares (That you know of), which can draw these Lines, with consistency, and reasonable accuracy?
I be glad to hearing from you.
Many thanks again for the article, Loved it!
Cheers.
Les.

is it better to trade a monthly chart to capture more then 200 pips

is it better to trade a monthly chart to capture more then 2000 pips

Just a quick question, Which time frame do you use to draw your support and resistance level ? Daily or Weekly.

Since I have started following you l am learning a lot.thank you

you are best justin.

Nice work Justin. I never knew support and resistance are not much difficult to identify and marked on chart. I am so happy for this wealth of knowledge. Please keep up the good. God bless you more.
Best regards

Very much clearance about drawing level

[…] a market have to be trending or can it be range-bound? Does the pin bar have to occur at a support or resistance level or will you also consider trading continuation pin […]

[…] for the content, you should focus on the significant market movements. Did a pair break support or resistance today? Did a pin bar or inside bar form? Is a market forming a technical pattern that may lead to […]

That was a great article.

Plain and simple. So glad I became a member. My trading insight and though process have improved.

I am now calm and relaxed when looking at a set up and placing a trade.

Thanks so much, you make learning forex so simple.

Just want to know how to get that charting software

I have read the article and understand fully the concept. I am eager to add this to my practice . I really want to be a full time trader and appreciate all the help I can get. Thank you Justin

Antony here, Do you recommend that Support and Res works well on the daily timeframes? Here is my number I need to ask you something +27 782 8550.

Enter your comment…what a fantastic lesson indeed thanks alot for up lifting my passion on forex

HI, It’s the first time to your site. Love the information. I’m trying to take it in and keep in mind that I need to keep it simple and not over complicate it. I’m a newby and hope to absorb the information so I can feel confident to start some buys and sells. Thank you for sharing your knowledge. I’ll be coming back.

Learn how to drawn supports and resistances

Thank you for putting this up……. U simplified this mystery to me……. Am new in forex I hope follow up on u.

Thank you bro, u clear my mind with good explanation, i always have doubt to draw S&R on High/low or on Open/Close candle… i’m really clear myself on this S&R lesson..

once again….Thank you so much bro ��

I like your write up, it is so interesting, but my question is if one observes a pin bar at the support or resistance level in the morning, is it encouraging to place trade order even when the current day trade has not stope

Great stuff..u are a good teacher

this video is useful and as lots of insight

Thank you so much

do banks and big market makers use S&R as well? and if yes, in the same way? Thanks.

Sir, I read you S/R Horizontal Key Level It is really nice and very helpful for my but I am often confuse about trend line. Can you share me how to draw trend line. Thanks

I love using the weekly and monthly chart using a line chart format to get my key levels

I have to thank you for your service to mankind I didn’t know you can trace back for just six months, I use to go three years back,thanks for this great lecture on support and resistance

Ya ur right, i feel comfortable in reading & understanding the concepts, will apply in trade from now on wards & let u know my feeds back asap. Thanks & greetings.

Hi Justin,
I read that Weekly TF chart major support and resistance levels have more weight as well when trading on the daily TF charts. How do you differentiate between Daily TF support and resistance levels and Weekly TF support and resistance levels? What if Daily TF swing high and lows are nearby to Weekly TF swing high and lows? Would you not mark them even if they were close?

Thanks for all the details an explanations, I have now understand. I think am in the right place with the right people. Although am a trader but l have not got to this extent. I started trading about three months ago an I have not been making profit due to little experience.

I have went through the swing trading cheat sheat, it’s interesting an I will put what I lean there into practice . Thanks

Thank you justin

[…] ‎Support and Resistance Levels · ‎3 Powerful Techniques to … […]

Hi thank you for your time and lessons so far on support and resistance.am already working on my chart. If I have any questions I will get back to you.

Liked your lesson hope to learn more from u since I dnt hv much experience in trading but little by little tbe info u guys give us is great

Thanks Justin, you have answered a question that’s been nagging at me, how far back do I look to draw “support and resistance “ levels. And the answer is 6 months. ��

to draw S/R lines i change to line graphs and swing highs and lows become more visible

Great lesson, I purchased your lifetime member program 4 days ago. I am Looking forward to receiving my account login credentials so I can view membership lessons and materials. Thanks

This commentary sections in your lessons are awesome. Just by looking at the answers to some of these questions I am expanding my knowledge and learning a lot more, thanks

[…] to any financial market, you can consider support and resistance lines as supply and demand. When you look at charts, you see these lines acting like barriers and […]

I normally look for areas where price seem to have clustered for a while before moving. There, I draw my resistance and support. Now with your lesson, I have learnt that I have to look out for those areas where there is pin bars to draw my resistance and support. Thanks.

You’re welcome. It won’t always be a pin bar. It’s a little less precise than that.

Is there any tools to draw S&R automatically

Thank you Justin u the best, my question is if i draw S/R on the weekly and daily time frame than i decide to trade on the 4hour should i draw S/R on the 4hour too? pls help thats all i want
to know

Well, it would probably help if the level is visible on the time frame you’re using. Not quite sure if that’s what you’re asking here.

Hello Justin! Thank you for your very informative and useful content, sure appreciated by every comprehended trader. My question is how often/after what time interval do you make revision of your determined levels on your chart? I’m interested about your approach, how you do that. Thank you.

You’re welcome. There is no set time interval. I only make changes to a level if the market gives me a reason to do so.

This is a good article for a beginner like me.

[…] a trader is using raw price action or simply using it to identify key levels in the market, price action plays a major role in any […]

Thank you sir. Your teaching and instructions have so much blessed my forex training. You talked about price action buying or selling signal forming on these levels, and you mentioned pin bar. My question is that, is it only pin bar that I should expect to see on these levels? Are there other price action signals that should be expected on these levels? Thanks.

Top notch,as always. Love your stuff Justin. Kudos to ya’Pal!

Hi sir i cant open ur SR video

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